Filtering by Subject: Oil, Gas, and Energy

Verifying pore network models of imbibition in rocks using time-resolved synchrotron imaging

Tom Bultreys, Kamaljit Singh, Ali Q. Raeini, Leonardo C. Ruspini, Pål-Eric Øren, Steffen Berg, Maja Rücker, Branko Bijeljic, Martin J. Blunt

Published: 2019-10-25
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Hydrology, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

At the pore scale, slow invasion of a wetting fluid in porous materials is often modelled with quasi-static approximations which only consider capillary forces in the form of simple pore filling rules. The appropriateness of this approximation, often applied in pore network models, is contested in literature, reflecting the difficulty of predicting imbibition relative permeability with these [...]

The near-tip region of a hydraulic fracture with pressure-dependent leak-off and leak-in

Evgenii Kanin, Dmitry Garagash, Andrei A. Osiptsov

Published: 2019-09-03
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Hydrology, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Volcanology

This paper is concerned with an analysis of the near tip region of a propagating fluid-driven fracture in a saturated permeable rock. The study attempts to accurately resolve the coupling between the physical processes - rock breakage, fluid pressure drop in the viscous fluid flow in the fracture, and fluid exchange between fracture and the rock - that exert influence on the hydraulic fracture [...]

Cohesive-Zone Effects in Hydraulic Fracture Propagation

Dmitry Garagash

Published: 2019-08-22
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Engineering, Engineering Mechanics, Engineering Science and Materials, Environmental Sciences, Geophysics and Seismology, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Hydraulic fracture presents an interesting case of crack elasticity and fracture propagation non-linearly coupled to fluid flow. Hydraulic fracture (HF) is often modeled using the Linear Elastic Fracture Mechan- ics (LEFM), which assumes that the damaged zone associated with the rock breakage near the advancing fracture front is small compared to the lengthscales of other physical processes [...]

Probing the chemical transformation of seawater-soluble crude oil components during microbial oxidation

Yina Liu, Helen White, Rachel Simister, David Waite, Shelby Lyons, Elizabeth Kujawinski

Published: 2019-06-18
Subjects: Biogeochemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Sciences, Life Sciences, Microbiology, Oceanography, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Studies assessing the environmental impacts of oil spills focus primarily on the non-water-soluble components, leaving the fate of the water-soluble fraction (WSF) largely unexplored. We employed untargeted chemical analysis along with biological information to probe the transformation of crude oil WSF in seawater, in the absence of light, in a laboratory experiment. Over a 14-day incubation, [...]

Differential Depletion-Induced 3D Stress Modification in Fault-Bounded Reservoirs and Implications for Fault Stability in Three Faulting Regimes

Lei Jin

Published: 2019-01-01
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Depletion-induced faulting has been documented in a number of hydrocarbon reservoirs. This type of faulting has mostly been attributed to poroelastic effects: in-situ horizontal stresses are coupled with a pore pressure change according to a certain coupling coefficient (known as the stress path), which is generally less than 1. For faults with certain orientations, if the stress path is [...]

Cyclic CO2 – H2O injection and residual trapping: implications for CO2 injection efficiency and storage security

Katriona Edlmann, Sofi Hinchliffe, Niklas Heinemann, Gareth Johnson, Jonathan Ennis-King, Christopher McDermott

Published: 2018-06-28
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sustainability

To meet the Paris Agreement target of limiting global warming to 2ºC or below it is widely accepted that Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) will have to be deployed at scale. The influence of residual trapping on CO2 well injectivity and its response over time has a major impact on the injection efficiency and storage capacity of CO2 storage sites. For the first time, experiments have been [...]

Tracking CO2 plumes in clay-rich rock by distributed fiber optic strain sensing (DFOSS): a laboratory demonstration

Yi Zhang, Ziqiu Xue, Hyuck Park, Jiquan Shi, Tamotsu Kiyama, Xinglin Lei, Yankun Sun, Yunfeng Liang

Published: 2018-04-26
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Geology, Geophysics and Seismology, Hydrology, Mineral Physics, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Optics, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Physics

Monitoring the migration of pore pressure, deformation, and saturation plumes with effective tools is important for the storage and utilization of fluids in underground reservoirs, such as geological stores of carbon dioxide (CO2) and natural gas. Such tools would also verify the security of the fluid contained reservoir–caprock system. Utilizing the swelling strain attributed to pressure [...]

Multiphase flow characteristics of heterogeneous rocks from CO2 storage reservoirs in the United Kingdom

Catriona Reynolds, Martin J. Blunt, Sam Krevor

Published: 2017-12-08
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Hydrology, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

We have studied the impact of heterogeneity on relative permeability and residual trapping for rock samples from the Bunter sandstone of the UK Southern North Sea, the Ormskirk Sandstone of the East Irish Sea, and the Captain Sandstone of the UK Northern North Sea. Reservoir condition CO2-brine relative permeability measurements were made while systematically varying the ratio of viscous to [...]

A general model for the helical structure of geophysical flows in channel bends

Maria Azpiroz-Zabala, Matthieu Cartigny, Esther J. Sumner, Michael Clare, Peter J. Talling, Daniel R. Parsons, Cortis Cooper

Published: 2017-10-31
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Geology, Geomorphology, Geophysics and Seismology, Hydrology, Life Sciences, Natural Resources and Conservation, Oceanography, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Other Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Physics, Risk Analysis, Sedimentology

Meandering channels host geophysical flows that form the most extensive sediment transport systems on Earth (i.e. rivers and submarine channels). Measurements of helical flow structures in bends have been key to understanding sediment transport in rivers. Turbidity currents differ from rivers in both density and velocity profiles. These differences, and the lack of field measurements of turbidity [...]


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