Preprints

Filtering by Subject: Petroleum Engineering

The Paradox of Increasing Initial Oil Production but Faster Decline Rates in Fracking the Bakken Shale: Implications for Long Term Productivity of Tight Oil Plays

Frank Male, Ian J Duncan

Published: 2020-10-21
Subjects: Oil, Gas, and Energy, Petroleum Engineering

In the US, tight oil is the largest source of liquid hydrocarbons and has driven the country to become the world’s largest oil producer. Eventually many countries will likely be producing very large quantiles of tight oil. However, how robust is tight oil production? The answer to this question will have an impact on the future geographic spread of oil production and will have geopolitical [...]

Three Common Statistical Missteps We Make in Reservoir Characterization

Frank Male, Jerry L. Jensen

Published: 2020-05-11
Subjects: Chemical Engineering, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Geology, Petroleum Engineering, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Statistical Methodology, Statistics and Probability

Reservoir characterization analysis resulting from incorrect applications of statistics can be found in the literature, particularly in applications where integration of various disciplines is needed. Here, we look at three misapplications of ordinary least squares linear regression (LSLR) and show how they can lead to poor results and offer better alternatives, where available. The issues are [...]

Comparison of permeability predictions on cemented sandstones with physics-based and machine learning approaches

Frank Male, Jerry L. Jensen, Larry W. Lake

Published: 2020-02-06
Subjects: Chemical Engineering, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Hydrology, Multivariate Analysis, Petroleum Engineering, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Statistics and Probability

Permeability prediction has been an important problem since the time of Darcy. Most approaches to solve this problem have used either idealized physical models or empirical relations. In recent years, machine learning (ML) has led to more accurate and robust, but less interpretable empirical models. Using 211 core samples collected from 12 wells in the Garn Sandstone from the North Sea, this [...]

Fluid surface coverage showing the controls of rock mineralogy on the wetting state

Gaetano Garfi, Qingyang Lin, Steffen Berg, Cédric M. John, Sam Krevor

Published: 2019-12-13
Subjects: Chemical Engineering, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Petroleum Engineering, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The wetting state is an important control on flow in subsurface multi fluid phase systems, e.g., carbon storage and oil production. Advances in X-ray imaging allow us to characterise the wetting state using imagery of fluid arrangement within the pores of rocks. We derived a model from equilibrium thermodynamics relating fluid coverage of rock surfaces to wettability and fluid saturation. The [...]

Dynamic modelling of overprinted impermeable fault gouges and surrounding damage zones as lower dimensional interfaces

Thomas Poulet, Martin Lesueur, Ulrich Kelka

Published: 2019-11-14
Subjects: Chemical Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Computational Engineering, Engineering, Petroleum Engineering

In the modelling of subsurface fluid flow, faults are dominant features since they can act as fluid pathways or barriers. Special emphasis is therefore placed in representing them in a numerically efficient manner and the use of lower dimensional domains has become prevalent to simulate higher permeability features like fractures. Such features, however, only represent some of the components of [...]

Three-scale multiphysics finite element framework (FE3) modelling fault reactivation

Martin Lesueur, Thomas Poulet, Emmanouil Veveakis

Published: 2019-11-11
Subjects: Chemical Engineering, Computational Engineering, Engineering, Petroleum Engineering

Fluid injection or production in petroleum reservoirs affects the reservoir stresses such that it can even sometime reactivate dormant faults in the vicinity. In the particular case of deep car- bonate reservoirs, faults can also be chemically active; chemical dissolution of the fault core can transform an otherwise impermeable barrier to a flow channel. Due to the scale separation of the fault [...]

The sensitivity of estimates of multiphase fluid and solid properties of porous rocks to image processing

Gaetano Garfi, Cédric M. John, Steffen Berg, Sam Krevor

Published: 2019-10-10
Subjects: Chemical Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Hydrology, Petroleum Engineering, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Transport Phenomena

X-ray microcomputed tomography X-ray microCT) is a rapidly advancing technology that has been successfully employed to study flow phenomena in porous media. It offers an alternative approach to core scale experiments for the estimation of traditional petrophysical properties such as porosity and single-phase flow permeability. It can also be used to investigate properties that control multiphase [...]

Imbibition in porous media: correlations of displacement events with pore-throat geometry and the identification of a new type of pore snap-off

Kamaljit Singh, Tom Bultreys, Ali Q. Raeini, Mosayeb Shams, Martin J. Blunt

Published: 2019-08-23
Subjects: Chemical Engineering, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Complex Fluids, Dynamics and Dynamical Systems, Engineering, Engineering Science and Materials, Environmental Engineering, Materials Science and Engineering, Mechanics of Materials, Petroleum Engineering, Transport Phenomena

The displacement of a non-wetting fluid by a wetting fluid in porous media, called imbibition, is important in many natural and industrial processes. During imbibition, the wetting fluid invades the pore space through a series of competitions between piston-like displacement, film and corner flow, snap-off, pore bypassing and trapping. Our understanding of these fundamental pore-scale [...]

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