Filtering by Subject: Fluid Dynamics

A non-equilibrium slurry model for planetary cores with application to Earth’s F-layer

Andrew Walker, Chris Davies, Alfred Wilson, et al.

Published: 2024-07-09
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Geophysics and Seismology, Mineral Physics

Slurry regions may exist in the cores of several terrestrial bodies and are expected to influence the dynamics of deep planetary interiors and the viability of maintaining global magnetic fields. Here we develop a two-component slurry model of the lowermost outer core of the Earth (the F-layer). In contrast to most previous models of slurries in planetary cores, we explicitly model the physics [...]

Numerical simulation of the 2D trajectory of a non-buoyant fluid parcel under the influence of inertial oscillation

Sandy Hardian Susanto Herho, Iwan Pramesti Anwar, Katarina Evelyn Permata Herho, et al.

Published: 2024-04-24
Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Numerical Analysis and Computation, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing, Oceanography

The trajectory of non-buoyant fluid parcels under the influence of inertial oscillations is a pivotal phenomenon in geophysical fluid dynamics, impacting processes such as tracer transport, pollutant dispersion, and the dynamics of marine organisms. This study presents a comprehensive numerical investigation of the two-dimensional trajectory of a non-buoyant fluid parcel subjected to inertial [...]

Three-dimensional mineral dendrites reveal a non-classical crystallization pathway

Zhaoliang Hou, Dawid Woś, Cornelius Tschegg, et al.

Published: 2024-03-04
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Geochemistry, Mineral Physics, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Physics

Manganese (Mn) dendrites are a common type of mineral dendrite that typically forms two-dimensional structures on rock surfaces. Three-dimensional (3D) Mn dendrites in rocks have rarely been reported, hence their growth implications have largely escaped attention. Here, we combine high-resolution X-ray and electron-based data with numerical modelling to give the first detailed description of [...]

Deep Learning Improves Global Satellite Observations of Ocean Eddy Dynamics

Scott A Martin, Georgy Manucharyan, Patrice Klein

Published: 2024-01-15
Subjects: Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Fluid Dynamics, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology

Ocean eddies affect large-scale circulation and induce a kinetic energy cascade through their non-linear interactions. However, since global observations of eddy dynamics come from satellite altimetry maps that smooth eddies and distort their geometry, the strength of this cascade is underestimated. Here, we use deep learning to improve observational estimates of global surface geostrophic [...]

Subtemperate regelation exhibits power-law premelting

Colin R. Meyer, Julia Bellamy, Alan Rempel

Published: 2024-01-13
Subjects: Fluid Dynamics, Glaciology, Other Physics

Wire regelation is a common tabletop demonstration of the pressure-dependence of the ice melting temperature where loaded wires move from top to bottom through a block of ice, yet leaves the block intact. With the background temperature fixed at the bulk melting point $\sim0\,^{\circ}$C, the elevated ice and liquid pressures beneath the wire cause melting because of the negative Clapeyron slope, [...]

Two-dimensional ideal magnetohydrodynamic waves on a rotating sphere under a non-Malkus field: I. Continuous spectrum and its ray-theoretical interpretation

Ryosuke Nakashima, Shigeo Yoshida

Published: 2023-10-05
Subjects: Fluid Dynamics

Two-dimensional (2D) ideal incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) linear waves at the surface of a rotating sphere are studied as a model imitating the outermost Earth's core or the solar tachocline. This thin conducting layer is permeated by a toroidal magnetic field whose magnitude depends only on the latitude. The Malkus background field, which is proportional to the sine of the colatitude, [...]

Complementary classifications of aeolian dunes based on morphology, dynamics, and fluid mechanics

Sylvain Courrech du Pont, David Michael Rubin, Clément Narteau, et al.

Published: 2023-10-03
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Geomorphology, Other Earth Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Physics, Planetary Geomorphology, Planetary Sciences, Sedimentology

Dunes form where winds blow over a bed of mobile sediment grains – conditions that are common in our solar system. On Earth, dunes abound in arid continental interiors and along sandy coastlines. Dune fields have also been recognized on Venus, Mars, Saturn's moon Titan, and Pluto. In response to the different boundary conditions and other environmental forcings, dunes adopt a rich diversity [...]

Linear analysis of ice-shelf topography response to basal melting and freezing

Aaron Grey Stubblefield, Colin R. Meyer, Martin Wearing

Published: 2023-04-28
Subjects: Applied Mathematics, Dynamic Systems, Earth Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Glaciology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Physics

Floating ice shelves in Antarctica and Greenland limit land-ice contributions to sea level rise by resisting the flow of grounded ice. Melting at the surface and base of ice shelves can lead to destabilisation by promoting thinning and fracturing. Basal melting often results in channelised features that manifest as surface topography due to buoyancy. The assumption of hydrostatic flotation [...]

Dampening effect of global flows on Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities: Implications for deep-mantle plumes vis-à-vis hotspot distributions

Arnab Roy, Dip Ghosh, Nibir Mandal

Published: 2023-01-18
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Numerical Analysis and Computation

It is a well-accepted hypothesis that deep-mantle primary plumes originate from a buoyant source layer at the core-mantle boundary (CMB), where Rayleigh–Taylor (RT) instabilities play a key role in the plume initiation process. Previous studies have characterized their growth rates mainly in terms of the density, viscosity and layer-thickness ratios between the denser overburden and the source [...]

A breakthrough in fast flood simulation

Bastian Van den Bout, Victor Jetten, Cees J. van Westen, et al.

Published: 2022-12-05
Subjects: Fluid Dynamics, Hydrology

The current status of technological advancement does not allow to generate complete flood simulations in real-time for large geographic areas. This hinders warning-systems, interactive planning tools and detailed forecasts and as a consequence the population cannot be quickly or reliably informed of where large masses of water will flow. Our novel method computes flood hazard maps over three [...]

Efficiently Simulating Lagrangian Particles in Large-Scale Ocean Flows – Data Structures and their Impact on Geophysical Applications

Christian Kehl, Peter Dirk Nooteboom, Mikael L.A. Kaandorp, et al.

Published: 2022-10-26
Subjects: Fluid Dynamics, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing, Oceanography

Studying oceanography by using Lagrangian simulations has been adopted for a range of scenarios, such as the determining the fate of microplastics in the ocean, simulating the origin locations of microplankton used for palaeoceanographic reconstructions, for studying the impact of fish aggregation devices on the migration behaviour of tuna. These simulations are complex and represent a [...]

GANSim-surrogate: An integrated framework for conditional geomodelling and uncertainty analysis

Suihong Song, Dongxiao Zhang, Tapan Mukerji, et al.

Published: 2022-10-24
Subjects: Computational Engineering, Earth Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Fluid Dynamics, Geology, Geophysics and Seismology, Hydrology, Sedimentology

We propose a deep-learning framework (GANSim-surrogate) for conditioning subsurface geomodel realizations to static data and dynamic flow data. The static data includes well facies data, interpreted facies probability maps, and non-spatial global features, while dynamic data can include well data such as pressures and flow rates. The framework consists of a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) [...]

A genetic model of the magnetite-apatite deposits on El Laco volcano by extrusion of iron-rich melt

Tobias Keller, Fernando Tornos, John M. Hanchar, et al.

Published: 2022-08-25
Subjects: Dynamical Systems, Earth Sciences, Fluid Dynamics, Geochemistry, Geology, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Tectonics and Structure, Volcanology

Magnetite-apatite deposits are important sources of iron and other metals. A prominent exam- ple are the magnetite lavas at the El Laco volcano, Northern Chile. Their formation processes remain debated. Here, we test the genetic hypothesis that an Fe-rich melt separated from silicate magma and ascended along collapse-related fractures. We complement recent analy- ses with thermodynamic modelling [...]

A Simple Framework for Calibrating Hydraulic Flood Inundation Models using Crowd-sourced Water Levels

Antara Dasgupta, Stefania Grimaldi, RAAJ Ramsankaran, et al.

Published: 2022-08-23
Subjects: Civil Engineering, Fluid Dynamics, Hydraulic Engineering, Hydrology, Water Resource Management

Floods are the most commonly occurring natural disaster, with the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters 2021 report on “The Non-COVID Year in Disasters” estimating economic losses worth over USD 51 million and over 6000 fatalities in 2020. The hydrodynamic models which are used for flood forecasting need to be evaluated and constrained using observations of water depth and extent. [...]

Ascent rates of 3D fractures driven by a finite batch of buoyant fluid

Timothy Davis, Eleonora Rivalta, Delphine Smittarello, et al.

Published: 2022-06-20
Subjects: Fluid Dynamics, Geology, Glaciology, Mechanics of Materials, Volcanology

Propagation of fluid-filled fractures by fluid buoyancy is important in a variety of settings, from magmatic dykes and veins to water-filled crevasses in glaciers. Industrial hydro-fracturing utilises fluid-driven fractures to increase the permeability of rock formations, but few studies have quantified the effect of buoyancy on fracture pathways in this context. Analytical approximations for the [...]


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