Preprints

Filtering by Subject: Environmental Engineering

Fisher Discriminant Analysis for Extracting Interpretable Phenological Information from Multivariate Time Series Data

Conor Doherty, Meagan S Mauter

Published: 2022-10-24
Subjects: Applied Statistics, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Remote Sensing

For many applications in environmental remote sensing, the interpretation of a given measurement depends strongly on what time of year the measurement was taken. This is particularly the case for phenology studies concerned with identifying when plant developmental transitions occur, but it is also true for a wide range of applications including vegetation species classification, crop yield [...]

GANSim-surrogate: An integrated framework for conditional geomodelling and uncertainty analysis

Suihong Song, Dongxiao Zhang, Tapan Mukerji, et al.

Published: 2022-10-24
Subjects: Computational Engineering, Earth Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Fluid Dynamics, Geology, Geophysics and Seismology, Hydrology, Sedimentology

We propose a deep-learning framework (GANSim-surrogate) for conditioning subsurface geomodel realizations to static data and dynamic flow data. The static data includes well facies data, interpreted facies probability maps, and non-spatial global features, while dynamic data can include well data such as pressures and flow rates. The framework consists of a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) [...]

A Systematic Review of Deep Learning Applications in Streamflow Data Augmentation and Forecasting

Muhammed Sit, Bekir Zahit Demiray, Ibrahim Demir

Published: 2022-09-26
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Engineering, Environmental Engineering

The volume and variety of Earth data have increased as a result of growing attention to climate change and, subsequently, the availability of large-scale sensor networks and remote sensing instruments. This data has been an important resource for data-driven studies to generate practical knowledge and services, support environmental modeling and forecasting needs, and transform climate and earth [...]

python-ags4: A Python library to read, write, and validate AGS4 geodata files

Asitha Senanayake, Roger Chandler, Tony Daly, et al.

Published: 2022-09-21
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Geochemistry, Geology, Geophysics and Seismology, Geotechnical Engineering

Data gathered from geotechnical, geoenvironmental, and geophysical investigations can be broadly described as "geodata". The AGS4 data format is one of the most widely used data transmittal formats for geodata and is used across the world. It is a plain text format consisting of multiple tables of comma-separated values, tied together with a robust data schema and a comprehensive suite of [...]

Emerging advanced oxidation processes for water and wastewater treatment – guidance for systematic future research –

Uwe Hübner, Stephanie Spahr, Holger Lutze, et al.

Published: 2022-09-09
Subjects: Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Sciences

Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) for water treatment are a growing research field with a large variety of different concepts and materials being tested at laboratory scale. However, only few concepts have been translated into pilot- and full-scale operation recently. One major concern are the inconsistent experimental approaches applied across different studies that impede identification, [...]

HydroLang Markup Language: Community-Driven Web Components for Hydrological Analyses

Carlos Valentin Erazo, Muhammed Yusuf Sermet, Ibrahim Demir

Published: 2022-08-25
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Computational Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Science and Mathematics Education

We introduce HydroLang Markup Language (HL-ML), a programming interface that uses markup language to perform environmental analyses using the hydrological and environmental framework HydroLang. The software acts as a self-contained interface that uses HTML tags powered by the web components specification to generate simple hydrological computations that enable data analysis, visualization and [...]

A new consistent framework for assignment of safe operating space to B2C and B2B industries for use in Absolute Environmental Sustainability Assessments

Hendrik Oosterhoff, Laura Golsteijn, Alexis Laurent, et al.

Published: 2022-07-25
Subjects: Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Sustainability

The planetary boundaries define a safe operating space for humanity to act within without potentially destabilizing the planet. The safe operating space is often used a sustainability reference in Absolute Environmental Sustainability Assessments (AESAs) where a share of the safe operating space (SoSOS) is assigned to the assessed activity. An identified challenge, is that current methods are [...]

An adaptive auto-reduction solver for speeding up integration of chemical kinetics in atmospheric chemistry models: implementation and evaluation in the Kinetic Pre-Processor (KPP) version 3.0.0

Haipeng Lin, Michael S. Long, Rolf Sander, et al.

Published: 2022-07-15
Subjects: Environmental Engineering, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Kinetic integration of large and stiff chemical mechanisms is a computational bottleneck in models of atmospheric chemistry. It requires implicit solution of the coupled system of kinetic differential equations with time-consuming construction and inversion of the Jacobian matrix. We present here a new version of the Kinetic Pre-Processor (KPP 3.0.0) for fast integration of chemical kinetics [...]

Advecting Superspecies: Efficiently Modeling Transport of Organic Aerosol with a Mass-Conserving Dimensionality Reduction Method

Patrick Obin Sturm, Astrid Manders, Ruud Janssen, et al.

Published: 2022-06-26
Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences, Climate, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Other Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The chemical transport model LOTOS-EUROS uses a volatility basis set (VBS) approach to represent the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in the atmosphere. Inclusion of the VBS approximately doubles the dimensionality of LOTOS-EUROS and slows computation of the advection operator by a factor of two. This complexity limits SOA representation in operational forecasts. We develop a [...]

Groundwater resource allocation in British Columbia: challenges and ways forward

Tom Gleeson, Diana M Allen

Published: 2022-06-24
Subjects: Environmental Engineering, Hydrology, Sustainability, Water Resource Management

Groundwater allocation in British Columbia is facing a number of important challenges as groundwater is licensed under the Water Sustainability Act and potentially included in modern treaties. These challenges include acknowledging the importance of groundwater in supporting environmental flow needs and human water use, the uncertainty and irrelevance of annual recharge estimates, and the [...]

Methane Emissions from the Fossil Fuel Industries of the Russian Federation

Robert L Kleinberg

Published: 2022-05-19
Subjects: Climate, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Monitoring, Oil, Gas, and Energy

Methane is second only to carbon dioxide as a driver of human-induced climate change. Moreover, reducing the rate of methane emissions is the fastest and least disruptive way to moderate global temperature rise over the next several decades. The production of fossil fuels – principally coal, oil, and natural gas – is among the main sources of anthropogenic methane. As one of the world’s largest [...]

Interactive Hydrological Modelling and Simulation on Client-Side Web Systems: An Educational Case Study

Gregory James Ewing, Ricardo Mantilla, Witold F. Krajewski, et al.

Published: 2022-04-13
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Earth Sciences, Education, Engineering, Engineering Education, Environmental Education, Environmental Engineering, Hydraulic Engineering, Hydrology, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing, Other Civil and Environmental Engineering, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Science and Mathematics Education, Water Resource Management

Computational hydrological models and simulations are fundamental pieces of the workflow of contemporary hydroscience research, education, and professional engineering activities. In support of hydrological modelling efforts, web-enabled tools for data processing, storage, computation, and visualization have proliferated. Most of these efforts rely on server resources for computation and data [...]

Automated machine learning to evaluate the information content of tropospheric trace gas columns for fine particle estimates over India: a modeling testbed

Zhonghua Zheng, Arlene M. Fiore, Daniel M. Westervelt, et al.

Published: 2022-03-20
Subjects: Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Atmospheric Sciences, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Computer Sciences, Earth Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology

India is largely devoid of high-quality and reliable on-the-ground measurements of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Ground-level PM2.5 concentrations are estimated from publicly available satellite Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) products combined with other information. Prior research has largely overlooked the possibility of gaining additional accuracy and insights into the sources of PM using [...]

Quantitative and distributive measurement of ambient air pollution for global burden of disease

Ning Zhang, Sourangsu Chowdhury, Huabo Duan, et al.

Published: 2022-02-03
Subjects: Environmental Engineering, Environmental Public Health

Air quality impacts human health from multiple perspectives. Ambient air pollution (AAP) exposure poses a great contribution to the global burden of disease (BoD). The United Nations launched the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to evaluate sustainability levels and improve human living environments. In particular, the two indicators 3.9.1 and 11.6.2, i.e. fine particulate matters (PM2.5 and [...]

Integrating Connectivity Into Hydrodynamic Models: An Automated Open-Source Method to Refine an Unstructured Mesh Using Remote Sensing

Kyle Wright, Paola Passalacqua, Marc Simard, et al.

Published: 2022-01-27
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Engineering, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Hydrodynamic models are an essential tool for studying the movement of water and other materials across the Earth surface. However, the possible questions which models can address remain limited by practical constraints on model size and resolution, particularly in fluvial and coastal environments in which hydrodynamically-relevant landscape features are topologically complex and span a wide [...]

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