Filtering by Subject: Geomorphology

An interconnected palaeo-subglacial lake system in the central Barents Sea

Mariana Esteves, Denise Christina Rüther, Monica C.W. Winsborrow, et al.

Published: 2022-12-03
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Glaciology, Sedimentology

Drainage of meltwater beneath an ice sheet influences ice-flow dynamics. To better predict ice sheet behaviour, it is crucial to understand subglacial hydrological processes. Subglacial lakes are important components of the subglacial hydrological system, with many observed and predicted at the beds of contemporary and palaeo-ice sheets. The technical and logistical challenges of studying [...]

Evolution of intraplate magmatism atop a mantle plume: geochemical and chronological analysis of Shawahit Basalt, Harrat Rahat, Saudi Arabia

Gareth G Roberts, Patrick Ball

Published: 2022-11-15
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Geophysics and Seismology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure, Volcanology

Harrat Rahat is the largest volcanic  eld in Saudi Arabia and has been active from ~10 Ma to the present day. Due to its close proximity to important population centres, Harrat Rahat's recent eruptions, the Medinah lava flows (< 1.7 Ma), have been extensively studied to identify volcanic risk. However, the evolution of Harrat Rahat's most extensive and oldest lava flows, known collectively as the [...]

The unknown fate of macroplastic in mountain rivers

Maciej Liro, Tim van Emmerik, Anna Zielonka, et al.

Published: 2022-11-09
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Environmental Monitoring, Geology, Geomorphology, Hydrology, Life Sciences, Natural Resources and Conservation, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy, Sustainability, Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology, Water Resource Management

Mountain rivers are typically seen as relatively pristine ecosystems, supporting numerous goods (e.g., water resources) for human populations living not only in the mountain regions but also downstream from them. Recent evidence suggests, however, that mountain river valleys in populated areas can be substantially polluted by macroplastic (plastic item > 5 mm). It is, however, unknown how [...]

Deep Learning-Based Super-Resolution of Digital Elevation Models in Data Poor Regions.

Ashok Dahal, Bastian Van den Bout, Cees J. van Westen, et al.

Published: 2022-10-29
Subjects: Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Computer Engineering, Geomorphology

In order to develop reliable models, the geoscientific community requires high-resolution data sets. However, the collection of such data is a persistent challenge due to the limitations of resources. The concept of super-resolution, a method from the field of machine learning, can be used to predict a high-resolution version of a low-resolution dataset to improve usability in geoscientific [...]

Phanerozoic cooling events in the continental rims of the Central Atlantic Ocean.

Rémi Charton, Rémi Leprêtre

Published: 2022-10-28
Subjects: Geology, Geomorphology, Sedimentology, Tectonics and Structure

In this review, we have digitized and georeferenced over 7000 Low-Temperature Thermochronology (LTT) data points and 750 Time-Temperature Modelling (TTM) results from 252 published works. The study area includes the continental crusts adjacent to the rifted margins (~Late Triassic to Early Jurassic) of the Central Atlantic Ocean and its direct neighbours. Our main intention is to map out the [...]

Comparing detrital age spectra, and other geological distributions, using the Wasserstein distance

Alex George Lipp, Pieter Vermeesch

Published: 2022-10-26
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Geomorphology, Stratigraphy, Tectonics and Structure

Distributional data such as detrital age populations or grain size distributions are common in the geological sciences. As analytical techniques become more sophisticated, increasingly large amounts of distributional data are being gathered. These advances require quantitative and objective methods, such as multidimensional scaling (MDS), to analyse large numbers of samples. Crucial to such [...]

Impact-based probabilistic modeling of hydro-morphological processes in China (1985-2015)

Nan Wang, Weiming Cheng, Hongyan Zhang, et al.

Published: 2022-10-26
Subjects: Geomorphology

Hydro-morphological processes (HMP, any natural phenomenon contained within the spectrum defined between debris flows and flash floods) pose a relevant threat to infrastructure, urban and rural settlements and to lives in general. This has been widely observed in recent years and will likely become worse as climate change will influence the spatio-temporal pattern of precipitation events. The [...]

The impact of Holocene deglaciation and glacial dynamics on the landscapes and geomorphology of Potter Peninsula, King George Island (Isla 25 Mayo), NW Antarctic Peninsula

Pablo Heredia Barión, Jorge A Strelin, Stephen J Roberts, et al.

Published: 2022-10-19
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Glaciology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology

The timing and impact of deglaciation and Holocene readvances on many ice-free terrestrial continental margins of the Antarctic Peninsula have been long-studied but remain debated. Potter Peninsula on King George Island (Isla 25 de Mayo), South Shetland Islands (SSI), NW Antarctic Peninsula has a detailed assemblage of glacial landforms, geomorphological features and stratigraphic exposures for [...]

Planetary Scale Analysis of the Morphology of River Channels and Channel Belt Deposits

Bjorn Nyberg, Gijs Henstra, Robert Leslie Gawthorpe, et al.

Published: 2022-10-18
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geomorphology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

The morphology of a river and its channel belt is in part the product of ecological, hydrological and tectonic processes shaping the terrestrial landscape. River morphology is critical for understanding their physical evolution through time, and in predicting the future behavior of rivers and floods. To date, there is no global-scale, quantitative study of the morphology of rivers and their [...]

Space-time landslide size modelling in Taiwan

Zhice Fang, Yi Wang, Cees J. van Westen, et al.

Published: 2022-10-10
Subjects: Applied Statistics, Geomorphology, Multivariate Analysis, Statistical Models

Landslide susceptibility assessment using data-driven models has predominantly focused on predicting where landslides may occur and not on how large they might be. The spatio-temporal evaluation of landslide susceptibility has only recently been addressed, as a basis for predicting where and when landslides might occur. The present study combines these new developments by proposing a data-driven [...]

Geochemical mapping by unmixing alluvial sediments: An example from northern Australia

Alex George Lipp, Patrice de Caritat, Gareth G Roberts

Published: 2022-10-01
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Geochemistry, Geomorphology, Natural Resource Economics, Sedimentology, Soil Science, Water Resource Management

Alluvial sediments have long been used in geochemical surveys as their compositions are assumed to be representative of areas upstream. Overbank and floodplain sediments, in particular, are increasingly used for regional to continental-scale geochemical mapping. However, during downstream transport, sediments from heterogeneous source regions are carried away from their source regions and mixed. [...]

Two-dimensional model of flow and transport in porous media: linking heterogeneous anisotropy with stratal patterns in meandering tidal channel deposits of the Venice Lagoon (Italy)

Elena Bachini, Elena Bellizia, Mario Putti, et al.

Published: 2022-09-08
Subjects: Geomorphology, Hydrology, Numerical Analysis and Computation

Understanding the internal structure of permeable and impermeable sediments (e.g. point-bars and tidal-flat deposits) generated by the evolution of meandering tidal channels is essential for accurate modeling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport in coastal areas. The detailed reconstruction of stratal geometry and hydraulic properties from measurements must be accompanied by depositional [...]

Down-delta hydraulic geometry and its application to the rock record

Octria Adi Prasojo, Trevor B Hoey, Richard David Williams, et al.

Published: 2022-08-31
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Paleodischarge estimation is largely undertaken within fluvial settings, and there are limited paleodischarge estimates specifically from delta deposits, despite their significance globally. Making water paleodischarge estimates for deltas using catchment-based approaches developed using data from fluvial settings requires estimation of parameters from the rock record (e.g. paleotemperature, [...]

Practical sampling criteria for using delta channel width to estimate paleodischarge in the rock record

Octria Adi Prasojo, Anna van Yperen, Trevor B Hoey, et al.

Published: 2022-08-31
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Sedimentology, Stratigraphy

Quantifying paleodischarge from geological field observations have been for decades, and remains, a key research challenge. Several paleodischarge scaling relationships have been developed for fluvial environments, such as BQART, Fulcrum and regional hydraulic geometry or for river deltas by precluding the role of wave and tide. In deltas where marine (wave, tide) energy causes bidirectional [...]

The influence of reef isostasy, dynamic topography, and glacial isostatic adjustment on the Last Interglacial sea-level record of Northeastern Australia.

Alessio Rovere, Tamara Pico, Fred D. Richards, et al.

Published: 2022-08-04
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Geology, Geomorphology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Understanding sea level during the warmest peak of the Last Interglacial (125,000 yrs ago; Marine Isotope Stage 5e) is important for assessing future ice-sheet dynamics in response to climate change, and relies on the measurement and interpretation of paleo sea-level indicators, corrected for post-depositional vertical land motions. The coasts and continental shelves of northeastern Australia [...]


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