Filtering by Subject: Social and Behavioral Sciences

Two decades of seismic risk communication in Europe: a scoping review

Gemma Musacchio, Angela Saraò, Susanna Falsaperla, et al.

Published: 2023-03-15
Subjects: Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Although earthquakes are a threat in many countries and considerable resources have been invested in safety regulations, communities at risk often lack awareness and preparedness. Risk communication is a key tool for building resilient communities, raising awareness, and increasing preparedness. Over the past two decades, risk communication has evolved significantly. This has led to a [...]

Aquifer depletion exacerbates agricultural drought losses in the US High Plains

Taro Mieno, Timothy Foster, Shunkei Kakimoto, et al.

Published: 2023-03-10
Subjects: Environmental Studies, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Aquifer depletion poses a major threat to the ability of farmers, food supply chains, and rural economies globally to use groundwater as a means of adapting to climate variability and change. Empirical research has demonstrated the large differences in drought risk exposure that exist between rainfed and irrigated croplands, but previous work commonly assumes water supply for the latter is [...]

Did hydroclimate conditions contribute to the political dynamics of Majapahit? A preliminary analysis

Sandy Hardian Susanto Herho, Katarina Evelyn Permata Herho, Raden Dwi Susanto

Published: 2023-02-21
Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences, Climate, Earth Sciences, Environmental Studies, Geography, Human Geography, Nature and Society Relations, Physical and Environmental Geography, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Majapahit was the largest Hindu-Buddhist empire that ruled the Indonesian archipelago from the late 13th to mid-16th centuries CE. Until recently, there is still a lot of history surrounding the Majapahit era that has yet to be revealed. One is about how environmental factors influenced the political dynamics at that time. This study tries to discuss the influence of hydroclimate regimes using [...]


Lawrence Gottschamer, Jeffery Walters

Published: 2023-02-05
Subjects: Engineering, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Significant global sustainability challenges include among others, energy, climate, and sanitation. Previous Sustainability Transition research has attempted to understand transformation complexity and interdependence, primarily through single-case methodological studies or large-scale analytical frameworks such as the Multi-Level Perspective. This leaves a knowledge gap on common dynamics [...]

Drought impacts on the electricity system, emissions, and air quality in the western US

Minghao Qiu, Nathan Ratledge, Ines Azevedo, et al.

Published: 2023-01-10
Subjects: Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences

The western United States has experienced severe drought in recent decades, and climate models project increased drought risk in the future. This increased drying could have important implications for the region's interconnected, hydropower-dependent electricity systems. Using power-plant level generation and emissions data from 2001-2021, we quantify the impacts of drought on the operation of [...]

Oracle bone script records explain the impact of climate extremes in ancient China

Siyang Li, Ke Ding, Aijun Ding, et al.

Published: 2023-01-06
Subjects: Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Extreme climatic and weather events have raised increasing concerns in the context of climate change for causing severe disasters worldwide. As for ancient civilizations, however, possible causes of extreme events and their corresponding cultural responses have remained unclear. By quantitatively analyzing the weather information in ~55000 oracle bone script pieces, we constructed three ~200-year [...]

Who are the hyper prolific authors in environmental sciences?

Akira Abduh

Published: 2023-01-01
Subjects: Environmental Studies, Library and Information Science, Research Methods in Life Sciences, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Hyper prolific scientists are individuals who produce an exceptionally large number of scientific papers, often at a rate that is much higher than their peers. While productivity is generally a positive attribute in the scientific community, hyper prolific scientists may raise concerns about the quality and impact of their research. It is important to carefully evaluate the work of hyper prolific [...]

Reconciling farmers’ expectations with the demands of the emerging UK agricultural soil carbon market

Lisette Phelan, Pippa J Chapman, Guy Ziv

Published: 2022-12-13
Subjects: Social and Behavioral Sciences

This paper explores farmers’ and land managers’ perceptions of the emerging agricultural soil carbon market in the UK and examines their willingness to adopt soil health management practices to enhance and/or maintain soil carbon stocks and enthusiasm for and interest in participation in soil carbon sequestration schemes. Data were collected through online questionnaires administered to 100 [...]

Systemic Vulnerabilities Created an Informal Warning System for U.S. Hispanic and Latinx Immigrants in the 2021 Quad-State Tornado Outbreak

Joseph E. Trujillo-Falcón, América Gaviria Pabón, Justin Reedy, et al.

Published: 2022-12-09
Subjects: Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Social and Behavioral Sciences

On December 10-11, 2021, a tornado outbreak in Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennessee became the deadliest December tornado event in U.S. history. Due to a lack of multilingual programming in these areas, post-disaster coverage omitted the perspectives of many vulnerable groups that were impacted by these tornadoes. A week-long field study was conducted in Arkansas and Kentucky to understand [...]

Persistent effect of El Niño on global economic growth

Christopher Callahan, Justin Mankin

Published: 2022-12-01
Subjects: Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) shapes extreme weather globally, causing myriad socioeconomic impacts, but whether economies recover from ENSO events and how changes to ENSO from anthropogenic forcing will affect the global economy are unknown. Here we show that El Niño persistently reduces country-level economic growth, attributing $4.1T and $5.7T in global income losses to the 1982-83 and [...]

A systematic review of the state of knowledge on environment and the Belt and Road Initiative

Yurong Yu, Aili Kang, Divya Narain, et al.

Published: 2022-11-20
Subjects: Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a China-led global initiative that was officially launched in 2013. The wealth of research available on the BRI has been subject to few comprehensive reviews to date, reviews including both English and Chinese language research are even rarer still. In addition, many of the projects associated with the BRI involve infrastructure development, power generation [...]

Drivers of fire regimes in the Brazilian Amazon from 2011-2020

Michel Valette, Yiannis Kountouris, Anna Freni Sterrantino, et al.

Published: 2022-10-18
Subjects: Environmental Studies, Forest Sciences, Life Sciences, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Over the last decade, carbon emissions due to forest degradation in the Brazilian Amazon, linked mainly to logging and wildfires, became larger than carbon emissions due to deforestation. Climatic and ecological processes affect the landscape’s flammability, while socio-economic processes influence the use of fire for deforestation and agricultural land management. However, a comprehensive [...]

Fighting symptom or root cause? - The need for shifting the focus in climate politics from greenhouse gases to environmental protection

Thomas Rinder, Frederike Neuber, Christoph von Hagke

Published: 2022-08-16
Subjects: Environmental Sciences, Natural Resources and Conservation, Natural Resources Management and Policy, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Sustainability

Addressing the environmental crisis requires a substantial change of our current lifestyle. Yet, in media coverage and political communication, climate change has taken the lead over other aspects such as biodiversity loss and one may sometimes get the impression that reducing greenhouse gas emissions is fighting the root cause itself. The atmosphere, however, does not respond linearly to our [...]

Consumption Ozone-Depleting Substances Impact in Central American GDAP: An Input Oriented Malmquist DEA Index

C. A. Zúniga-Gonzalez

Published: 2022-08-15
Subjects: Life Sciences, Social and Behavioral Sciences

This study measures the impact of consumption Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) on the Gross Domestic Agricultural Product (GDAP) of the Central American Countries. The methodology used is a non-parametric program under Data Envelopment Analyze (DEA) with the Malmquist indices methods. The DEA methodology permits defining the technology bound or performance. It discomposes the total factor [...]

Notes from the Oil Patch: Planning for a Worker-Focused Transition in the Oil and Gas Industry

Arvind Ravikumar, Timothy M Latimer

Published: 2022-06-17
Subjects: Engineering, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Systems Engineering

The energy transition portends major disruption to livelihoods of oil and gas workers and communities dependent on the fossil fuel industry. Managing this transition smoothly will require coordinated policy planning, community and place-based incentives, and structural reforms and support structures that carefully map the skills of the worker to opportunities in the clean energy economy.


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