Applications of Deep Learning to Ocean Data Inference and Sub-Grid Parameterisation

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Authors

Thomas Bolton, Laure Zanna

Abstract

Oceanographic observations are limited by sampling rates, while ocean models are limited by finite resolution and high viscosity and diffusion coefficients. Therefore both data from observations and ocean models lack information at small-scales. Methods are needed to either extract information, extrapolate, or up-scale existing oceanographic datasets, to account for the unresolved physical processes. Here we use machine learning to leverage observations and model data by predicting unresolved turbulent processes and sub-surface flow fields. As a proof-of-concept, we train convolutional neural networks on degraded-data from a high-resolution quasi-geostrophic ocean model. We demonstrate that convolutional neural networks successfully replicate the spatio-temporal variability of the sub-grid eddy momentum forcing, are capable of generalising to a range of dynamical behaviours, and can be forced to respect global momentum conservation. The training data of our convolutional neural networks can be sub-sampled to 10-20\% of the original size without a significant increase in accuracy. We also show that the sub-surface flow field can be predicted using only information at the surface, mimicing when only satellite altimetry data is available. Our study indicates that data-driven approaches can be exploited while respecting physical principles, even when data is limited to a particular region or external forcing.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/t8uhk

Subjects

Oceanography, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

machine learning, Deep learning, Eddies, ocean modelling, Turbulence, Oceanography, Convolutional Neural Networks, data driven, parameterization

Dates

Published: 2018-11-20 05:42

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License

GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) 2.1

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