The slow slip of viscous faults

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Authors

Robert C. Viesca, Pierre Dublanchet 

Abstract

We examine a simple mechanism for the spatio-temporal evolution of transient, slow slip. We consider the problem of slip on a fault that lies within an elastic continuum and whose strength is proportional to sliding rate. This rate dependence may correspond to a viscously deforming shear zone or the linearization of a non-linear, rate-dependent fault strength. We examine the response of such a fault to external forcing, such as local increases in shear stress or pore fluid pressure. We show that the slip and slip rate are governed by a type of diffusion equation, the solution of which is found using a Green’s function approach. We derive the long-time, self-similar asymptotic expansion for slip or slip rate, which depend on both time t and a similarity coordinate η = x/t, where x denotes fault position. The similarity coordinate shows a departure from classical diffusion and is owed to the non-local nature of elastic interaction among points on an interface between elastic half-spaces. We demonstrate the solution and asymptotic analysis of several example problems. Following sudden impositions of loading, we show that slip rate ultimately decays as 1/t while spreading proportionally to t, implying both a logarithmic accumulation of displacement as well as a constant moment rate. We discuss the implication for models of post-seismic slip as well as spontaneously emerging slow slip events.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/s6g4f

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Geophysics and Seismology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

slow slip, fault friction, moment duration, post-seismic slip, self-similar propagation, surface displacement

Dates

Published: 2018-06-29 14:14

Last Updated: 2019-01-08 16:50

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License

Academic Free License (AFL) 3.0

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