Evaluating models of Coulomb stress transfer: Is variable fault geometry important?

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL071128.

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Authors

Zoë Mildon , Shinji Toda, Joanna Faure Walker, Gerald Roberts

Abstract

To determine the importance of receiver fault geometry in Coulomb stress calculations a new methodology is presented to model faults with variable geometry. Although most models use planar faults, it is known that these are inaccurate representations of faults observed in the field. The central Italian Apennines are chosen as a straightforward tectonic system with well‐exposed normal faults to investigate the effect of variable geometry. It is shown that the static Coulomb stress transfer is most sensitive to changes in strike of the receiver faults, rather than changes in dip and rake. Therefore, a novel methodology to generate strike‐variable faults composed of discrete rectangular patches is developed. Using the 2009 LAquila earthquake (Mw = 6.3) the calculated stress transferred to planar versus variable faults is assessed. The stress transferred to variable faults is sufficiently different when compared to planar cases to merit other earthquake sequences being reassessed with available fault geometry.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/7xu2b

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Tectonics and Structure

Keywords

modelling, earthquake triggering, Fault geometry, Italy, Coulomb stress

Dates

Published: 2018-03-21 10:34

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License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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