Development of new Index based supervised algorithm for separation of Built-Up and River Sand pixels from Landsat7 imagery : Comparison of performance with SVM

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Amritendu Mukherjee , Parthasarathy Ramachandran


While classifying “built-up” pixels from satel- lite imagery, both machine learning & index based algo- rithms often misclassify “river sand” pixels as “built-up” ones due to the similarity in their spectral profiles. With the help of the spectral reflectance information in BLUE & GREEN bands of Landsat satellite imagery, this study has introduced a new index BRSSI (Built-Up & River Sand Separation Index) that efficiently reduce the misclassification between these two classes. The classification performance of the proposed index along with the same of Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier have been reported for 3 study sites from different geographic locations across India. The results shows that average overall accuracy, F1 score and kappa (κ) coefficient for the developed index corresponding to se- lected study regions are 0.9763, 0.9767 & 0.9527 respectively. Though it has been noticed that SVM performs marginally better than BRSSI, it requires tuning of the parameters for optimum classification performance compared to BRSSI which is not only easy to implement but also computationally inexpensive. Also, visual representation of the classified images for entire study sites using additional filter of BRSSI ensures significant reduction of misclassification of “river sand” pixels as “built-up” class.



Computational Engineering, Engineering, Environmental Engineering


Built-Up & River Sand Separation, Landsat7, Support Vector Machines, Index based Methodology


Published: 2020-10-22 14:24

Last Updated: 2021-03-12 10:08

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CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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