Responses of tropical marine ecosystems to climate change impacts and their treatment in biogeochemical ecosystem models

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. This is version 2 of this Preprint.

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Authors

Chinenye Jane Ani, Barbara Robson 

Abstract

To predict the effects of climate change on marine ecosystems and the effectiveness of intervention and mitigation strategies, we need reliable marine ecosystem response models such as biogeochemical models that reproduce climate change effects. We reviewed marine
ecosystem parameters and processes that are modified by climate change and examined their representations in biogeochemical ecosystem models. The interactions among important aspects of marine ecosystem modelling are not often considered due to complexity: these include the use of multiple IPCC scenarios, ensemble modelling approach, independent calibration datasets, the consideration of changes in cloud cover, ocean currents, wind speed,
sea-level rise, storm frequency, storm intensity, and the incorporation of species adaptation to changing environmental conditions. Including our recommendations in future marine
modelling studies could help improve the accuracy and reliability of model predictions of climate change impacts on marine ecosystems.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5WS3J

Subjects

Life Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

temperature, pCO2, marine ecosystem, biogeochemical model

Dates

Published: 2020-10-28 00:00

Last Updated: 2021-03-17 21:49

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License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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