The miscibility of Calcium Silicate Perovskite and Bridgmanite: A single phase perovskite in hot, iron-rich regions

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Authors

Joshua Martin Richard Muir , Feiwu Zhang

Abstract

Calcium silicate perovskite and bridgmanite are two phases believed to coexist throughout the lower mantle, which at some temperature, at least theoretically, dissolve into each other to form a single perovskite solid solution (CaxMg1-xSiO3). This may have large seismic and geochemical implications due to the changes in density, elasticity and element partition coefficients between single and mixed phase perovskites. DFT Molecular Dynamics has been used to estimate the miscibility of bridgmanite and calcium perovskite at pressures between 25 and 125 GPa. Results at temperatures up to 2500 K indicate mixing is limited to within 4% of the pure endmembers without additional intrinsic defects present, i.e. < 4% CaSiO3 is miscible in MgSiO3 and vice versa. Therefore, in a simplified lower mantle chemistry extensive MgSiO3-CaSiO3 solid solution is not expected to occur. However, a simple model was employed to test whether the presence of other elements might influence this mutual solid solution and it was demonstrated that if sufficient concentrations (> 1 at.%) of additional elements are present then miscibility may become favourable. Of the elements likely to be present at these concentrations it appears that ferrous iron promotes, whilst aluminium inhibits, a single-phase perovskite solid solution. To a lesser extent ferric iron may both increase and decrease perovskite miscibility. Modelling for realistic mantle compositions suggests that basaltic lithologies will always retain two perovskite components, whereas a single perovskite solid solution may be preferred in hot and/or iron-rich pyrolytic bulk compositions near the base of the lower mantle. Static calculations indicate perovskite miscibility may cause pyrolytic lithologies (with 12.5% CaSiO3) to possess lower density (-0.14-0.25%), Vs (-1.5-3.5%) and Vp (-0.5-1.2%), and higher VΦ (+0.00-0.75%) than predicted for assemblages containing two perovskites. These seismic changes, while preliminary, are similar to those observed in the LLSVPs which are also regions that are likely hotter than the surrounding mantle and thus possess conditions promoting the formation of a single perovskite phase.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X56309

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Mineral Physics, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

Bridgmanite, Calcium-silicate perovskite

Dates

Published: 2020-11-01 22:28

Last Updated: 2021-02-17 09:10

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License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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Conflict of interest statement:
None

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