ENSO Drives Child Undernutrition in the Global Tropics

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Authors

Jesse K Anttila-Hughes, Amir Sultan Jina, Gordon C McCord

Abstract

The El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a principal component of global climate variability known to influence a host of social and economic outcomes, but its systematic effects on human health remain poorly understood. We estimate ENSO’s association with child nutrition at global scale by combining variation in ENSO intensity from 1986-2018 with children’s height and weight from 186 surveys conducted in 51 teleconnected countries, containing 48% of the world’s under-5 population. Warmer, drier El Nino conditions predict worse child undernutrition in most of the developing world, but better ones in the small number of areas where precipitation is positively affected by ENSO. This relationship looks similar at both global and regional scale, and has not appreciably weakened over the last four decades. Results imply that the 2015 El Nino pushed over 7 million children into undernutrition, demonstrating the degree to which human well-being remains subject to predictable climatic processes.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5BG6M

Subjects

Applied Statistics, Climate, Environmental Public Health, Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Other Environmental Sciences, Public Health, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Sustainability

Keywords

climate, food security, health, nutrition, weather impacts

Dates

Published: 2020-11-12 16:21

Last Updated: 2020-11-13 00:21

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:
None

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