A benthic light index of water quality in the Great Barrier Reef, Australia

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Authors

Marites Canto , Katharina Fabricius, Murray Logan, Stephen Lewis, Lachlan McKinna, Barbara Robson 

Abstract

Good water quality is essential to the health of marine ecosystems, yet current metrics used to track water quality in the Great Barrier Reef are not strongly tied to ecological outcomes. There is a need for a better water quality index (WQI). Benthic light, the amount of light reaching the seafloor, is critical for coral and seagrass health and is strongly affected by water quality. It therefore represents a strong candidate for use as a water quality indicator. Here, we introduce a new index based on remote sensing benthic light (bPAR) from ocean colour. Resulting bPAR index timeseries, based on the extent to which the observed bPAR fell short of the locally- and seasonally- specific optimum, showed strong spatial and temporal variability, which was consistent with the dynamics that govern changes in water clarity in the Great Barrier Reef. Our new index is ecologically relevant, responsive to changes in light availability and provides a robust metric that may complement current Great Barrier Reef water quality metrics.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5CC8N

Subjects

Life Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

water quality, Great Barrier Reef, benthic light, benthic photosynthetically active radiation, benthic light stress, water quality index

Dates

Published: 2020-11-25 18:32

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:
None

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