Assessing geomorphic change in restored coastal dune ecosystems using a multi-platform aerial approach

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Authors

Zach Hilgendorf , M. Colin Marvin , Craig M. Turner , Ian J. Walker 

Abstract

Uncrewed aerial systems (UAS) provide an effective method to examine geomorphic and vegetation change in restored coastal dune ecosystems. Coupling structure-from-motion (SfM) photogrammetry with RGB orthomosaic imagery allows researchers to characterize spatial-temporal geomorphic responses associated with differences in vegetation cover. Such approaches provide quantitative data on landscape morphodynamics and sediment erosion and deposition responses that allow scientists and land managers to assess the efficacy of dynamic restoration efforts and, in turn, make informed decisions for future restoration projects. Two different restored coastal foredune sites in Humboldt County, California were monitored between 2016-20 with UAS (quadcopter and fixed-wing), kite aerial photogrammetry (KAP), and terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) platforms. We compared our KAP- and UAS-SfM elevation models to concurrently collected TLS bare earth models for five of our fifteen collections. The goal of this study was to inform on the potential of a multi-platform aerial approach for calculating geomorphic differences (i.e., topographic differencing), in order to quantify sediment erosion and deposition, and vegetation change over a coastal dune ecosystem. While UAS-SfM datasets were relatively well fit to their TLS counterparts (2.1-12.2% area of difference), the KAP-SfM surfaces exhibited higher deviations (23.6-27.6%) and suffered from systematic collection inconsistencies related to methods and susceptibility to external factors (e.g., the influence of wind speed and direction on variable altitude, image overlap, and coverage extent). Finally, we provide commentary on the logistical considerations regarding KAP and UAS data collection and the construction of uncertainty budgets for geomorphic change detection (GCD), while providing suggestions for standardizing methods for uncertainty budgeting. While we propose an approach that incorporates multiple levels of collection- and processing-based uncertainty, we also recognize that uncertainty is often project-specific and outline the development of potential standards for incorporating uncertainty budgets in SfM projects.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5T60X

Subjects

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

aeolian geomorphology, coastal geomorphology, foredune restoration, geomorphic change detection (GCD), kite aerial photogrammetry (KAP), structure-from-motion (SfM), terrestrial laser scanning (TLS), topographic differencing, uncrewed aerial systems (UAS)

Dates

Published: 2020-12-17 12:33

Last Updated: 2021-01-07 09:46

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License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:
None

Data Availability (Reason not available):
I hope to upload the data to the open-source repository OpenTopography, but we have not yet completed that step.

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