Spectral element modelling of seismic wave propagation in visco-elastoplastic media including excess-pore pressure development

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: 10.1093/gji/ggx375. This is version 1 of this Preprint.

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Authors

Elif Oral , Celine Gelis, Luis Fabian Bonilla 

Abstract

Numerical modelling of seismic wave propagation, considering soil nonlinearity, has become a major topic in seismic hazard studies when strong shaking is involved under particular soil conditions. Indeed, when strong ground motion propagates in saturated soils, pore pressure is another important parameter to take into account when successive phases of contractive and dilatant soil behaviour are expected. Here, we model 1-D seismic wave propagation in linear and nonlinear media using the spectral element numerical method. The study uses a three-component (3C) nonlinear rheology and includes pore-pressure excess. The 1-D– 3C model is used to study the 1987 Superstition Hills earthquake (ML 6.6), which was recorded at the Wildlife Refuge Liquefaction Array, USA. The data of this event present strong soil nonlinearity involving pore-pressure effects. The ground motion is numerically modelled for different assumptions on soil rheology and input motion (1C versus 3C), using the recorded borehole signals as input motion. The computed acceleration–time histories show low-frequency amplification and strong high-frequency damping due to the development of pore pressure in one of the soil layers. Furthermore, the soil is found to be more nonlinear and more dilatant under triaxial loading compared to the classical 1C analysis, and significant differences in surface displacements are observed between the 1C and 3C approaches. This study contributes to identify and understand the dominant phenomena occurring in superficial layers, depending on local soil properties and input motions, conditions relevant for site- specific studies.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5T30W

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Engineering, Geophysics and Seismology, Geotechnical Engineering

Keywords

geomechanics, Site effects

Dates

Published: 2021-01-06 15:24

Last Updated: 2021-01-06 23:24

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Data Availability (Reason not available):
https://github.com/elifo/1D3CSEM

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