Excessive use of motorized vehicular road transports in megacities such as Delhi and Mumbai (India) and its effects on pollution between the years 2004 and 2011

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. This is version 1 of this Preprint.


Download Preprint


Jacob John


Effects of the increasing use of motor vehicles are almost unnoticeable in large and congested megacities, urban areas, and metropolitan cities such as Mumbai and Delhi. Furthermore, a significant source of air pollution in several Indian cities is transportation. With the rapid growth in urbanization, industrialization, and modernization in such cities, alongside an increase in pollution, the effects of this urban pollution occur at an enormous scale over the long run. The discrepancy in ambient air quality is exceptionally high in megacities. This deteriorating lifestyle could encourage the government to search for a feasible, plausible, and commonly acceptable (by the public, i.e., citizens) solution for such an issue. This paper recognizes the problem at an early stage. It analyzes the solution over a long-term period by considering Singapore's area licensing scheme and certificate of entitlement (COE) bidding system as a successful platform.




Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Environmental Sciences, Sustainability


vehicular pollution, certificate of entitlement


Published: 2021-02-05 13:10

Last Updated: 2021-02-05 21:10


CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:

Data Availability (Reason not available):
Publicly available in the references

Add a Comment

You must log in to post a comment.


Comment #13 Eva John @ 2021-02-06 10:54

Good insights! but the data is a bit outdated

Comment #12 Mariam Varkey @ 2021-02-06 10:48

An amazing read!