Real-time Flood Mapping on Client-side Web Systems using HAND model

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Authors

Anson Hu, Ibrahim Demir

Abstract

The height above nearest drainage (HAND) model is frequently used to calculate properties of the soil as well as predict flood inundation extents. HAND is extremely useful due to its lack of reliance on prior data, as only the digital elevation model (DEM) is needed. It is close to optimal, running in linear or linearithmic time in the number of cells depending on the values of the heights. It can predict watersheds and flood extent to a high degree of accuracy. We applied a client-side HAND model on the web to determine extent of flood inundation in several flood prone areas in Iowa, including city of Cedar Rapids and Ames. We demonstrated that the HAND model was able to achieve inundation maps comparable to advanced hydrodynamic models (i.e. FEMA-approved Flood Insurance Rate Maps) in Iowa, and would be helpful in the absence of detailed hydrological data. The HAND model is applicable in situations where a combination of accuracy and short runtime are needed, for example, in interactive flood mapping and supporting mitigation decisions, where users can add features to the landscape and see the predicted inundation.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5M02R

Subjects

Civil and Environmental Engineering, Computational Engineering, Engineering

Keywords

floods, flood maps, flood risk management, HAND model, WebAssembly, flood risk mapping, web systems, urban flooding, flood analysis, flood maps, flood risk management, HAND model, WebAssembly, flood risk mapping, web systems, urban flooding, flood analysis

Dates

Published: 2021-02-20 01:35

Last Updated: 2021-02-20 01:35

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:
None

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