Segment tip geometry of sheet intrusions, I: Theory and numerical models for the role of tip shape in controlling propagation pathways.

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Authors

Richard Walker , Tara Louise Stephens , Catherine Greenfield, Simon Gill, David Healy, Sam Poppe

Abstract

Inferences about sheet intrusion emplacement mechanisms have been built largely on field observations of intrusion tip zones: magmatic systems that did not grow beyond their observed state. Here we use finite element simulation of elliptical to superelliptical crack tips, representing observed natural sill segments, to show the effect of sill tip shape in controlling local stress concentrations, and the potential propagation pathways. Stress concentration magnitude and distribution is strongly affected by the position and magnitude of maximum tip curvature (\kappa_max). Elliptical tips concentrate stress in-plane with the sill, promoting coplanar growth. Superelliptical tips concentrate maximum tensile stress (\sigma_max) and shear stress out-of-plane of the sill, which may promote non-coplanar growth, vertical thickening, or coplanar viscous indentation. We find that [\sigma_max]=A*([\sqrt][\kappa_max]), where A is a constant. At short length-scales, blunted tips have locally large ; at longer length-scales, elliptical-tipped sills become more efficient at concentrating stress than blunt sills.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5C32M

Subjects

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

curvature, igneous dikes, superellipse

Dates

Published: 2021-03-09 21:20

Last Updated: 2021-03-09 21:20

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Data Availability (Reason not available):
All supporting data will be made publicly available on acceptance of the peer-reviewed version of this submission via the University of Leicester Figshare portal

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