Evaluation of satellite precipitation products for water allocation studies in the Sio-Malaba-Malakisi River Basin of East Africa

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Authors

Paul Omonge, Luke Olang , Mathew Herrnegger , Karsten Schulz 

Abstract

Study region: Sio Malaba Malakisi river basin, East Africa. Study Focus: Poor rain-gauge density is a limitation to comprehensive hydrological studies in Sub-Saharan Africa. Consequently, Satellite precipitation products (SPPs) provide an alternative source of data for possible use in hydrological modelling. However, there is need to test their reliabilities across varied hydro-climatic and physiographic conditions to understand their applicability. In this study, we evaluated and compared the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM-3B42 v7), Climate Hazards Group Infrared Precipitation (CHIRPS v2.0), Multi-Source Weighted-Ensemble Precipitation (MSWEP v2.2), Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks-Climate Data Record (PERSIANN-CDR) and Tropical Applications of Meteorology using Satellite (TAMSAT) against gauge observations, for possible use in water allocation studies. Furthermore, the Continuous Semi-distributed Runoff (COSERO) model was adapted using the SPPs and applied to generate discharges, which were cross-compared with observed discharges. New Hydrological Insights for the region: Our results indicate that the SPPs are able to detect seasonal rainfall patterns throughout the basin. At lower altitudes, the products overestimated rainfall events as indicated by the performance measures. The COSERO results indicate that PERSIANN-CDR and MSWEPv2.2 overcompensated and underestimated discharge throughout the basin. This could be attributed to differences in temporal dynamics of the products. In overall, seasonal trends captured by the SPPs can be used to support catchment management efforts in data scarce regions.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X51C8J

Subjects

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

Data-sparse regions, satellite precipitation products, COSERO model, rainfall estimations, Sio-Malaba-Malakisi river basin

Dates

Published: 2021-04-14 11:35

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:
None

Data Availability (Reason not available):
https://pmm.nasa.gov/data-access/downloads/trmm, www.tamsat.org.uk/data/rfe/index.cgi, https://chrsdata.eng.uci.edu/, ftp://chg-ftpout.geog.ucsb.edu/pub/org/chg/products/CHIRPS-2.0/, www.gloh2o.org/

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