Integrated multi-proxy source-to-sink analysis of the Lower Cretaceous of the Essaouira-Agadir Basin.

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Authors

Emmanuel Roquette , James Lovell Kennedy , Leonardo Muniz Pichel , Stefan Schröder, Remi J.G. Charton , Ian Millar , Jonathan Redfern 

Abstract

This study investigates the Provenance of the Barremian-Aptian fluvial clastics exposed in the Essaouira-Agadir Basin which bears an important potential in terms of offshore feeding of reservoir sands. Thin section petrography and SEM, heavy minerals analysis, and detrital zircon dating were conducted and integrated with a large dataset of published low-temperature thermochronology studies to model the associated source-to-sink system. The homogeneity of fingerprints throughout the basin indicated a single provenance for both the northern and southern studied transects. The hinterland analysis based on LTT data revealed that only the Western Meseta and MAM regions were possible source candidates for the Barremian Aptian which was confirmed by detrital zircon geochronology. Heavy mineral populations confirmed that sediment sources were of recycled nature and rock fragment populations in the EAB revealed clasts of limestones, sandstones and volcanic nature only matching with the MAM. The Barremian-Aptian fluvial being sourced from a source-to-sink system of moderate size (200-300 km long) with an exclusive or dominant source located in the MAM (western High Atlas) provides the best fit explanation matching with each individual dataset. This likely provided a sand-rich mix of sediment resulting from the erosion of Triassic continental basins, with associated clays resulting from the weathering of basalts and Triassic /Jurassic mudstones.
Associated low sea level allowed the direct sediment supply within the slope/offshore domain where seismic imaging suggests the presence of synchronous high reflectivity deep-water channels located in structural lows controlled by diapiric salt movement. An overall NNW drainage deflection is observed offshore the northern part of the basin. The Mesetian domain is likely to be undergoing denudation at the same time and shedding a clastic-rich sediment supply north of the studied region. Due to the offshore NNW deflection of the sediment supply along the northern part of the EAB, mixing between MAM and Mesetian sands is likely offshore Essaouira making the probability of good reservoir sands in the region high.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5Q02P

Subjects

Geology, Sedimentology

Keywords

Essaouira Agadir Basin, source-to-sink, Morocco, provenance analysis, Bouzergoun formation, Lower Cretaceous, detrital zircon geochronology, palaeogeology modelling

Dates

Published: 2021-04-20 05:24

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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