Coupling between shallow and deep fault populations governs along-strike variations in fault reactivation and structural inheritance, the Laminaria High, NW Shelf of Australia

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Authors

Thomas Brian Phillips, Ken McCaffrey, Luke Magarinos

Abstract

When extension events are greatly separated in time, older faults may be buried and stratigraphically separated from newly developing faults at shallower depths. During rifting, the buried structures may reactivate and propagate upwards to be expressed within the shallow system. The degree of linkage between structural levels determines the influence that the deeper structures can exert over the geometry and evolution of the incipient fault system. In this study we use 3D seismic reflection data to examine how a deep fault population across the Laminaria High, NW shelf of Australia influences the development of a younger system at shallow depths. These fault populations are non-collinear and decoupled across a mechanically weak interval. The majority of shallow faults are not linked to those at depth, however the reactivation and upwards propagation of deeper faults produces anomalously oriented structures at shallow depths, hard-linked to the deeper structures. One fault in particular shows along-strike variability along its length, with the deep segment reactivated and present at shallow depths in the west. To the east, the shallow and deep fault segments become decoupled across mechanically weak interval, although some soft-linkage and strain transfer still occurs. We suggest that this switch in the degree of coupling along the fault is due to the geometry of the deeper structure, with the transition corresponding to a prominent relay ramp. We show how the geometry of a deeper fault may affect its propensity to reactivate during subsequent extensional events, ultimately affecting the degree of structural inheritance that is expressed within younger, shallower fault populations.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5G32J

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Geology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Tectonics and Structure

Keywords

Structural inheritance

Dates

Published: 2021-05-13 11:35

Last Updated: 2021-05-13 18:35

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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