ANALYSIS OF OWNER DRIVEN APPROACH OF HOUSING RECONSTRUCTION AFTER GORKHA EARTHQUAKE 2015: A CASE STUDY OF DHUNIBESHI MUNICIPALITY, DHADING

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Authors

Sunil Adhikari, Santosh Kumar Shrestha, Samyam Aryal, Roshika Bhattarai

Abstract

A 7.6 magnitude earthquake occurred in Gorkha district of Nepal leading more than 9,000 estimated casualties, approximately 23,000 injuries and damages on more than half a million structures. For leading and managing the earthquake recovery and reconstruction in Nepal, a legally mandated agency named National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) was established in December 2015 which facilitate and oversee reconstruction, using an owner-driven reconstruction model. This research aims to critically analyze the Owner Driven Approach of housing reconstruction followed by Government of Nepal (GoN) for private housing reconstruction after Gorkha Earthquake 2015. A set of parameters was identified, to assess fundamental requirements of Owner Driven Reconstruction (ODR) approach and to analyze beneficiaries' satisfaction, through literature review and expert consultation. A questionnaire survey was used in order to facilitate the collection of information on a sample of 250 beneficiaries and 16 professionals within Dhunibeshi Municipality, Dhading sampled using Proportionate Stratified Random sampling technique. The fulfilment of fundamental requirements of ODR approach was partially validated from both professional and beneficiaries' perception. Further, the results corroborate the success of reconstruction approach with respect to beneficiaries' satisfaction.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5T90Z

Subjects

Engineering

Keywords

Nepal, Gorkha earthquake 2015, owner driven reconstruction approach, Dhunibeshi municipality

Dates

Published: 2021-05-26 17:02

Last Updated: 2021-05-27 00:02

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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