Matchup Characteristics of Sea Surface Salinity using a High-resolution Ocean Model

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Authors

Frederick M Bingham , Severine Fournier , Susannah Brodnitz , Karly Ulfsax, Hong Zhang

Abstract

Sea surface salinity (SSS) satellite measurements are validated using in situ observations 8 usually made by surfacing Argo floats. Validation statistics are computed using matched values of 9 SSS from satellites and floats. This study explores how the matchup process is done using a high- 10 resolution numerical ocean model, the MITgcm. One year of model output is sampled as if the 11 Aquarius and Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellites flew over it and Argo floats popped 12 up into it. Statistical measures of mismatch between satellite and float are computed, RMS difference 13 (RMSD) and bias. The bias is small, less than 0.002 in absolute value, but negative with float values 14 being greater than satellites. RMSD is computed using an “all salinity difference” method that av- 15 erages level 2 satellite observations within a given time and space window for comparison with 16 Argo floats. RMSD values range from 0.08 to 0.18 depending on the space-time window and the 17 satellite. This range gives an estimate of the representation error inherent in comparing single point 18 Argo floats to area-average satellite values. The study has implications for future SSS satellite mis- 19 sions and the need to specify how errors are computed to gauge the total accuracy of retrieved SSS 20 values.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5Q61C

Subjects

Oceanography

Keywords

ocean modelling, Surface salinity, representation error, satellite validation, matchups

Dates

Published: 2021-06-16 18:17

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:
None

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