Systematic calculation of finite-time mixed singular vectors and characterization of error growth for persistent coherent atmospheric disturbances over Eurasia

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Courtney Quinn, Terence J. O'Kane, Dylan Harries


Singular vectors (SVs) have long been employed in the initialization of ensemble numerical weather prediction (NWP) in order to capture the structural organization and growth rates of those perturbations or “errors” associated with initial condition errors and instability processes of the large scale flow. Due to their (super) exponential growth rates and spatial scales, initial SVs are typically combined empirically with evolved SVs in order to generate forecast perturbations whose structures and growth rates are tuned for specified lead-times. Here we present a systematic approach to generating finite time or "mixed" SVs (MSVs) based on a method for the calculation of covariant Lyapunov vectors (CLVs) and appropriate choices of the matrix cocycle. We first derive a data-driven reduced order model to characterize persistent geopotential height anomalies over Europe and Western Asia (Eurasia) over the period 1979-present from the NCEPv1 reanalysis. We then characterize and compare the MSVs and SVs of each persistent state over Eurasia for particular lead-times from a day to over a week. Finally, we compare the spatio-temporal properties of SVs and MSVs in an examination of the dynamics of the 2010 Russian heatwave. We show that MSVs provide a systematic approach to generate initial forecast perturbations projected onto relevant expanding directions in phase space for typical NWP forecast lead-times.



Physical Sciences and Mathematics


Atmospheric patterns, Dynamical Systems, Ensemble forecasting, Finite-time stability


Published: 2021-08-12 15:29


CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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