Tropical Cyclones Affecting Tokyo and Changing Storm Surge Hazard since 1980

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. This is version 1 of this Preprint.


Download Preprint


Md. Rezuanul Islam , Masaki Satoh, Hiroshi Takagi


This study investigated tidal records and landfall tropical cyclone (TC) best tracks in Japan from 1980 to 2019 to determine changes in storm surge heights in coastal regions of eastern Japan, including Tokyo. The results indicate that annual mean storm surge heights have increased in the last 20 years (2000–2019) compared to those in 1980–1999, and that these changes are noteworthy, particularly in Tokyo Bay. The storm surge hazard potential index (SSHPI), proposed by Islam et al. (2021), is positively correlated with surge height. The temporal change analysis of SSHPI suggests that TC wind intensity and size during landfall time frame have become stronger and larger, respectively, corresponding to increasing storm surge magnitudes from 1980 to 2019. The increased occurrence frequency of TCs with more northeastward tracks is another factor that may have contributed to the increased surge hazards around Tokyo. Tokyo area is likely to experience increasing numbers of extreme storm surge events in the future, if, the current increasing tendency continues.



Earth Sciences, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Risk Analysis


Storm surge


Published: 2021-09-08 04:30


CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:

Data Availability (Reason not available):
Data availability statement is included in the manuscript

Add a Comment

You must log in to post a comment.


There are no comments or no comments have been made public for this article.