Asian monsoon amplifies semi-direct effect of biomass burning aerosols on low cloud formation

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Authors

Ke Ding, Xin Huang , Aijun Ding , Minghuai Wang, Hang Su, Veli-matti Kerminen, Tuukka Petaja, Zhemin Tan, Zilin Wang, Derong Zhou

Abstract

Low clouds play a key role in the Earth-atmosphere energy balance and influence agricultural production and solar-power generation. Smoke aloft has been found to enhance marine stratocu-mulus over the Southeast Atlantic in austral spring through aerosol-cloud interactions, but its role in regions with strong human activities and complex monsoon circulation remains unclear. Here we show that biomass burning aerosols aloft strongly increase the low-cloud coverage over both land and ocean in subtropical southeastern Asia. The degree of this enhancement and its spatial extent are comparable to that in the Southeast Atlantic, even though biomass burning emissions in Southeast Asia are only one-third of those in Southern Africa. Our results indicate that a cou-pling of aerosol-cloud-boundary-layer feedback with the monsoon is the main reason for the strong semi-direct effect and enhanced low-cloud formation in Asia.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/ayvs7

Subjects

Atmospheric Sciences, Climate, Meteorology, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

aerosol, Asian monsoon, biomass burning, low cloud, semi-direct effect, Southeast Asia, Southeast Atlantic

Dates

Published: 2020-05-11 17:34

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License

Academic Free License (AFL) 3.0

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