Oblique convergence causes both thrust and strike-slip ruptures during the 2021 M 7.2 Haiti earthquake

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Authors

Ryo Okuwaki , Wenyuan Fan

Abstract

A devastating magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck Southern Haiti on 14 August 2021. The earthquake caused severe damages and over 2000 casualties. Resolving the earthquake rupture process can provide critical insights into hazard mitigation. Here we use integrated seismological analyses to obtain the rupture history of the 2021 earthquake. We find the earthquake first broke a blind thrust fault and then jumped to a disconnected strike-slip fault. Neither of the fault configurations aligns with the left-lateral tectonic boundary between the Caribbean and North American plates. The complex multi-fault rupture may result from the oblique plate convergence in the region that the initial thrust rupture is due to the boundary-normal compression and the following strike-slip faulting originates from the Gonâve microplate block movement, orienting towards the SW-NE direction. The complex rupture development of the earthquake suggests that the regional deformation is accommodated by a network of segmented faults with diverse faulting conditions.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5GG8M

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Geophysics and Seismology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

plate tectonics, earthquake, Haiti, finite-fault inversion, triggering

Dates

Published: 2021-10-01 11:28

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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