Constraining clouds and convective parameterizations in a climate model from past climate

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Authors

Riovie Ramos, Allegra LeGrande, Michael Griffiths, Gregory Elsaesser, Daniel Litchmore, Jessica E. Tierney , Francesco Pausata, Jesse Nusbaumer

Abstract

Cloud and convective parameterizations strongly influence uncertainties in equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS). We provide a proof-of-concept study to constrain these parameterizations in a perturbed parameter ensemble of atmosphere-only simulations by evaluating model biases in the present-day runs using multiple satellite climatologies and by comparing simulated δ18O of precipitation (δ18Op), known to be sensitive to parameterization schemes, with a global database of speleothem δ18O records covering the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), mid-Holocene (MH) and pre-industrial (PI) periods. Relative to modern, paleoclimate simulations show greater sensitivity to parameter changes, allowing for an evaluation of uncertainties over a broader range of climate forcing and the identification of parts of the world that are parameter sensitive. Certain simulations reproduced LGM and MH δ18Op anomalies relative to the PI better than the default parameterization. Not a single set of parameterizations worked well in all climate states, thus improving simulations requires determining all plausible parameter combinations.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5SP8G

Subjects

Atmospheric Sciences, Climate

Keywords

Dates

Published: 2021-10-06 08:15

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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