Efficiency improvement and technology choice for energy and emission reductions of the residential sector

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Authors

Vassilis Daioglou, Efstratios Mikropoulos, David Gernaat, Detlef van Vuuren

Abstract

The residential sector currently accounts for one fifth of global energy use and corresponding greenhouse gas emissions, largely driven by increasing demand for space heating and cooling. Climate change mitigation action requires these to reduce, but the exact decarbonization strategies and their heterogeneity is unclear. We use a regional recursive dynamic energy system model with an explicit representation of residential energy use and building stocks to explore the contribution of this sector in long-term decarbonization pathways. The projections show that in a 2˚C scenario, global heating demand is expected to decrease from current levels by 18% and 64% by 2050 and 2100, respectively. However, due to increasing affluence in warmer regions, cooling demand is expected to increase by 112% and 201% respectively. Yet, direct residential emissions are almost eliminated by 2100. This is achieved by combining increased envelope efficiency and advanced heating technologies in a synergistic manner, where the adoption of high efficiency heating and cooling reduces the need for increased insulation, and vice versa. By combining these measures with rooftop PV, the net energy demand of many household types approaches zero. The exact residential sector strategies vary across different regions, depending on local climate, socio-economic, and building stock characteristics.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5H92X

Subjects

Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Environmental Studies, Sustainability

Keywords

Climate change mitigation, Residential energy, Efficiency, Renovation, Buildings

Dates

Published: 2021-10-11 14:50

Last Updated: 2021-10-11 21:50

License

CC0 1.0 Universal - Public Domain Dedication

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