GESLA Version 3: A major update to the global higher-frequency sea-level dataset

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Ivan D Haigh , Marta Marcos, Stefan A Talke, Philip L Woodworth, John R Hunter, Ben S Hague, Arne Arns, Elizabeth Bradshaw, Phil Thompson


This paper describes a major update to the quasi-global, higher-frequency sea-level dataset known as GESLA (Global Extreme Sea Level Analysis). Versions 1 (released 2009) and 2 (released 2016) of the dataset have been used in many published studies, across a wide range of oceanographic and coastal engineering-related investigations concerned with evaluating tides, storm surges, extreme sea levels and other related processes. The third version of the dataset (released 2021), presented here, contains twice the number of years of data (91,021), and nearly four times the number of records (5,119), compared to version 2. The dataset consists of records obtained from multiple sources around the world. This paper describes the assembly of the dataset, its processing and its format, and outlines potential future improvements. The dataset is available from





tide gauge, Sea level, coastal flooding, extreme events, climate change


Published: 2021-11-05 10:24

Last Updated: 2021-11-05 10:24


CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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