Evidences of horizontal urban heat advection in London using 6 years of data from a citizen weather station network

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Authors

Oscar Brousse , Charles Henry Simpson , Nancy Walker, Daniel Fenner, Fred Meier, Jonathon Taylor, Clare Heaviside

Abstract

Recent advances in citizen weather station (CWS) networks, with data accessible via crowd-sourcing, provide relevant climatic information to urban scientists and decision makers. In particular, CWS can provide long-term measurements of urban heat and valuable information on spatio-temporal heterogeneity related to horizontal heat advection. In this study, we make the first compilation of a quasi-climatologic dataset covering 6 years (2015–2020) of hourly near-surface air temperature measurements obtained via 1560 suitable CWS in a domain covering south-east England and Greater London. We investigated the spatio- temporal distribution of urban heat and the influences of local environments on climate, captured by CWS through the scope of Local Climate Zones (LCZ) – a land-use land-cover classification specifically designed for urban climate studies. We further calculate, for the first time, the amount of advected heat captured by CWS located in Greater London and the wider south east England region. We find that London is on average warmer by ∼1.0 ◦C to ∼2.0 ◦C than the rest of south-east England. Characteristics of the southern coastal climate are also captured in the analysis. We find that on average, urban heat advection (UHA) contributes to 0.22 ◦C of the total urban heat in Greater London. Certain areas, mostly in the centre of London are deprived of urban heat through advection since heat is transferred more to downwind suburban areas. UHA can positively contribute to urban heat by up to ∼2.0 ◦C on average and negatively by down to ∼-1.0 ◦C. Our results also show an important degree of inter- and intra-LCZ variability in UHA, calling for more research in the future. Nevertheless, we already find that UHA can impact green areas and reduce their cooling benefit. Such outcomes show the added value of CWS for future urban design.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5HP7M

Subjects

Climate, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Meteorology, Physical and Environmental Geography

Keywords

Urban Climate, urban heat advection, local climate zones, citizen weather stations, netatmo, London, crowd-sourcing

Dates

Published: 2021-12-05 10:42

Last Updated: 2021-12-05 18:42

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Data Availability (Reason not available):
Data is available upon reasonable request to the authors

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