Spontaneous Cyclogenesis without Radiative and Surface-Flux Feedbacks

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Authors

Argel Ramírez-Reyes , Da Yang 

Abstract

Tropical cyclones (TCs) are among the most intense and feared storms in the world. What physical processes lead to cyclogenesis remains the most mysterious aspect of TC physics. Here, we study spontaneous TC genesis using cloud-resolving simulations over an f-plane with constant sea-surface temperature. Previous studies proposed that spontaneous TC genesis requires either radiative or surface-flux feedbacks. To test this hypothesis, we perform mechanism-denial experiments, in which we switch off both feedback processes. We find that TCs can self-emerge even without radiative and surface-flux feedbacks. Although these feedbacks accelerate the genesis and impact the size of the TCs, TCs can reach similar intensities as those in the control experiment without these feedbacks. We show that TC genesis is associated with an abrupt increase in the Available Potential Energy (APE) and that convective heating dominates the APE production. Our result suggests that spontaneous TC genesis may result from a cooperative interaction between convection and circulation, and that radiative and surface-flux feedbacks accelerate the process.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/8fshw

Subjects

Atmospheric Sciences, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

tropical cyclone, Atmospheric Science, Cyclogenesis, Self-aggregation

Dates

Published: 2020-04-18 10:14

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License

GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) 2.1

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