Incorporating Full Elastodynamic Effects and Dipping Fault Geometries in Community Code Verification Exercises for Simulations of Earthquake Sequences and Aseismic Slip (SEAS)

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Authors

Brittany Angela Erickson, Junle Jiang, Valere Lambert, Mohamed Abdelmeguid , Martin Almquist, Jean Paul Ampuero , Ryosuke Ando, Sylvain Barbot, Camilla Cattania, Alexandre Chen, Luca Dal Zilio, Eric M Dunham , Ahmed Elbanna, Alice-Agnes Gabriel , Tobias Harvey, Yihe Huang, Yoshihiro Kaneko, Jeremy Kozdon, Nadia Lapusta, Duo Li , Meng Li , Chao Liang, Yajing Liu , So Ozawa, Casper Pranger, Paul Segall , Yudong Sun, Prithvi Thakur, Carsten Uphoff, Ylona van Dinther, Yuyun Yang

Abstract

Numerical modeling of earthquake dynamics and derived insight for seismic hazard relies on credible, reproducible model results. The SEAS (Sequences of Earthquakes and Aseismic Slip) initiative has set out to facilitate community code comparisons, and verify and advance the next generation of physics-based earthquake models that reproduce all phases of the seismic cycle. With the goal of advancing SEAS models to robustly incorporate physical and geometrical complexities, here we present code comparison results from two new benchmark problems: BP1-FD considers full elastodynamic effects and BP3-QD considers dipping fault geometries. Eight modeling groups participated in each benchmark, allowing us to explore these physical ingredients across multiple codes and better understand associated numerical considerations. We find that numerical resolution and computational domain size are critical parameters to obtain matching results, with increasing domain-size requirements posing challenges for volume-based codes even in 2D settings. Codes for BP1-FD implemented different criteria for switching between quasi-static and dynamic solvers, which require tuning to obtain matching results. In BP3-QD, proper remote boundaries conditions consistent with specified rigid body translation are required to obtain matching surface displacements. With these numerical and mathematical issues resolved, we obtain good agreement among codes in long-term fault behavior, earthquake recurrence intervals, and rupture features of peak slip rates and stress drops for both benchmarks. Including full inertial effects generates events with larger slip rates and rupture speeds compared to the quasi-dynamic counterpart. For BP3-QD, both dip angle and sense of motion (thrust versus normal faulting) alter ground motion on the hanging and foot walls, and influence event patterns, with some sequences exhibiting similar-sized characteristic earthquakes, and others exhibiting several earthquakes of differing magnitudes. These findings underscore the importance of considering full dynamics and non-vertical dip angles in SEAS models, as both influence short and long-term earthquake behavior, and associated hazards.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5NP87

Subjects

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

Sequences of Earthquakes and Aseismic Slip, SEAS, verification, elastodynamic, dipping faults

Dates

Published: 2022-04-26 16:45

License

CC0 1.0 Universal - Public Domain Dedication

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