Paleoclimate controls on lithium enrichment in Great Basin Pliocene-Pleistocene lacustrine clays

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Catherine A Gagnon, Kristina Butler, Elizabeth Gaviria, Alexa Terrazas, Annabelle Gao, Tripti Bhattacharya , David F Boutt, Lee Ann Munk, Daniel Enrique Ibarra 


Terminal lakes are important archives of continental hydroclimate and in some cases contain important economic resources. Here we present an ~3.6 Myr lacustrine carbonate carbon and oxygen stable isotope record from a Great Basin continental drill core. We pair these measurements with bulk lithium concentrations to reveal a relationship between past climate and lithium enrichment in authigenic lacustrine clays. Further, we explore the possible effects of changing seasonality on the isotope record through the use of paired air mass trajectories and modern isotope data. Our findings show the evolution of the basin's moisture balance over million-year timescales, which we attribute to variations in precipitation seasonality as well as fluctuations in the amount of evaporation associated with changes in atmospheric moisture convergence and divergence. We observe a positive correlation between the oxygen isotope values of the lake carbonate and the bulk sediment lithium concentrations, which we argue is indicative of evapoconcentration of the lake environment and subsequent enrichment of the authigenic clays. Our results suggest a link between past hydroclimate changes and the formation of lithium rich authigenic clays feeding high lithium concentrations in this modern brine aquifer system.



Climate, Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Geochemistry, Geology, Natural Resources and Conservation, Other Environmental Sciences, Sedimentology


lacustrine, Great Basin, lithium, carbonates, oxygen isotopes, paleoclimate


Published: 2022-05-29 20:14

Last Updated: 2022-09-13 22:34

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CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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