Wayfinding and Accessibility Analysis for Critical Amenities in Iowa During Flood Events

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Authors

Yazeed Alabbad, Jerry Mount, Ann Melissa Campbell, Ibrahim Demir

Abstract

Transportation infrastructure plays an essential role in flood response and recovery. However, flooding may disturb road functionality and generate direct and indirect adverse impacts, including the loss of access to essential services. This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of flood impacts on road network topology and accessibility to amenities for major communities in the State of Iowa using graph-theoretic methods, including single-source shortest path analyses. We assessed the disruption of transportation networks on the accessibility to critical amenities (e.g., hospitals) under 100 and 500-year flood scenarios. Our analysis methodology leads toward the development of an integrated real-time decision support system that will allow decision-makers to explore “what if” flood scenarios to identify vulnerable areas and population in their authority. Due to locations and effects on road topology under flood events, the results show differential impacts in access to critical services.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/2yha5

Subjects

Civil and Environmental Engineering, Civil Engineering, Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Hydraulic Engineering, Other Civil and Environmental Engineering, Risk Analysis, Transportation Engineering

Keywords

accessibility, flood resilience, location allocation, real-time analytics, Transportation vulnerability

Dates

Published: 2020-08-16 16:42

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License

GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) 2.1

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