Machine learning for understanding inland water quantity, quality, and ecology

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: This is version 1 of this Preprint.

Add a Comment

You must log in to post a comment.


There are no comments or no comments have been made public for this article.


Download Preprint


Alison Paige Appling , Samantha Kay Oliver , Jordan S. Read, Jeffrey Michael Sadler , Jacob Zwart 


This chapter provides an overview of machine learning models and their applications to the science of inland waters. Such models serve a wide range of purposes for science and management: predicting water quality, quantity, or ecological dynamics across space, time, or hypothetical scenarios; vetting and distilling raw data for further modeling or analysis; generating and exploring hypotheses; estimating physically or biologically meaningful parameters for use in further modeling; and revealing patterns in complex, multidimensional data or model outputs. An important research frontier is the injection of limnological knowledge into machine-learning models, which has shown great promise for increasing such models’ accuracy, trustworthiness, and interpretability. Here we describe a few of the most powerful machine learning tools, describe best practices for employing these tools and injecting knowledge guidance, and give examples of their applications to advance understanding of inland waters.



Applied Statistics, Fresh Water Studies, Hydrology


machine learning, Neural Networks, Deep learning, classification and regression trees, clustering, dimensionality reduction, data mining, Artificial Intelligence


Published: 2022-09-03 12:01


CC0 1.0 Universal - Public Domain Dedication