This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1017/sus.2023.1. This is version 1 of this Preprint.
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As green spaces, lawns are often thought to capture carbon from the atmosphere. However, once mowing, fertlising, and irrigation are taken into account, we show that they become carbon sources, at least in the long run. Converting unused urban and rural lawn and grassland to treescapes can make a substantial contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing carbon absorption from the atmosphere. However, it is imperative for governing bodies to put in place appropriate policies and incentives in order to achieve this.
Mown grass or lawn is a ubiquitous form of vegetation in human dominated landscapes and it is often claimed to perform an ecosystem service by sequestering soil carbon. If lawn maintenance is included, however, we show that lawns become net carbon emitters. We estimate that globally, if one third of mown grass in cities was returned to treescapes, 310 to 1,630 million tonnes of carbon could be absorbed from the atmosphere, and up to 43 tonnes of carbon equivalent per hectare of emissions could be avoided over a two-decade time span. We therefore propose that local and central governments introduce policies to incentivise and/or regulate the conversion of underutilised grass into treescapes.
above ground biomass, carbon, tree, soil, above ground biomass, Greenhouse gas emissions, grass, lawn, carbon sequestration, Turf, soil carbon, Soil, tree, greenhouse gas emissions, carbon sequestration, grass, lawn
Published: 2022-09-22 13:18
Last Updated: 2022-09-22 17:18
Data Availability (Reason not available):
Review paper without original data