Bayesian inference on the initiation phase of the 2014 Iquique, Chile, earthquake

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Cedric Twardzik, Zacharie Duputel, Romain Jolivet, Emilie Klein, Paul Rebischung


We investigate the initiation phase of the 2014 Mw8.1 Iquique earthquake in northern Chile. In particular, we focus on the month preceding the mainshock, a time period known to exhibit an intensification of the seismic and aseismic activity in the region. The goal is to estimate the time-evolution and partitioning of seismic and aseismic slip during the preparatory phase of the mainshock. To do so, we develop a Bayesian inversion scheme to infer the spatio-temporal evolution of pre-slip from position time-series along with the corresponding uncertainty. To extract the aseismic component to the pre-seismic motion, we correct geodetic observations from the displacement induced by foreshocks. We find that aseismic slip accounts for ~80 percents of the slip budget. That aseismic slip takes the form of a slow-slip events occurring between 20 to 5 days before the future mainshock. This time-evolution is not consistent with self-accelerating fault slip, a model that is often invoked to explain earthquake nucleation. Instead, the slow-slip event seems to have interacted with the foreshock sequence such that the foreshocks contributed to the arrest of aseismic slip. In addition, we observe some evidence of late self-accelerating slip, but associated with large uncertainties, making it difficult to assess its reliability from our observations alone.



Earth Sciences, Geophysics and Seismology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics



Published: 2022-10-03 11:00

Last Updated: 2022-11-04 14:36

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CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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