Seasonally-decomposed Sentinel-1 backscatter time-series are useful indicators of peatland wildfire vulnerability

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2022.113329. This is version 2 of this Preprint.

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Authors

Koreen Millard , Samantha Darling, Nicolas Pelletier, Samantha Schultz

Abstract

Peatlands throughout the boreal forest are expected to experience changes in precipitation, evapotranspiration and temperature due to climate change. Correspondingly, changes in hydrologic regimes could lead to increased drought and occurrence of wildfire. Fire management agencies require information about near-real time wildfire vulnerability in boreal peatlands. Remote sensing tools (e.g., NDVI, NDII) to monitor changing wildfire vulnerability focus on monitoring changes in vascular vegetation and are not necessarily applicable to moss-dominated peatlands. We use time series analysis of Sentinel-1 SAR backscatter data to compare the trends in peatlands that have burned to unburned peatlands and show that the Theil-Sen slopes of seasonally decomposed SAR backscatter reflects prolonged drought conditions that can lead to burning. Seasonally decomposed Sentinel-2 NDVI and NDII were also tested but no statistical differences were found between burned and unburned peatlands. Overall, we found that 6 months prior to a wildfire the slope of seasonally decomposed Sentinel-1 VV SAR backscatter was significantly different in burned and unburned peatlands, and can be used to spatially identify fire vulnerability and identify fire-prone areas.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X55067

Subjects

Environmental Monitoring, Natural Resources and Conservation, Other Environmental Sciences

Keywords

wildfire vulnerability; peatland; remote sensing; synthetic aperture radar; Time series analysis; seasonal decomposition

Dates

Published: 2022-10-22 13:13

Last Updated: 2022-11-05 13:51

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License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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