Solar irradiance distribution under vertically mounted agrivoltaic systems – Model development, validation, and applications for microclimate assessment

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Pietro Elia Campana, Jonathan Staaf Scragg, Silvia Ma Lu , Sebastian Zainali, Bengt Stridh, Stefano Amaducci, Michele Colauzzi


ccurate assessment of the Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) and Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) at the crop level is paramount for accurately assessing the energy balances and the crop yield under agrivoltaic systems. The shadings produced by the photovoltaic modules and structures of the agrivoltaic systems cause a non-homogeneous distribution of PAR and GHI at the crop level. It is thus essential to calculate their distribution at a high spatial resolution within the agrivoltaic field. Using field data and commercial software, we have validated a high spatial resolution model (i.e., 25 cm × 25 cm) for PAR and GHI distribution within a vertical agrivoltaic system. The results show good model accuracy with coefficients of determination higher than 0.98 when comparing GHI from the model developed in this study and commercial software based on ray tracing. Model applications are presented with consideration to the computation of surface temperature, evapotranspiration, crop yield, and soil moisture. The model developed in this study shows good agreement in terms of crop yield computations as compared to a previously published model for agrivoltaic systems simulations and optimization (Campana et al., 2021). The added value of the model presented in this study consists in performing high spatial resolution computations of microclimatic parameters and crop yield within the agrivoltaic field.



Agriculture, Power and Energy


Agrivoltaics, , microclimate, shading, bifacial PV modules, photosynthetically active radiation, Microclimate, shading, bifacial PV modules, photosynthetically active radiation


Published: 2022-11-21 00:21

Last Updated: 2022-11-21 00:21


CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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Conflict of interest statement:
The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.