Logarithmic growth of dikes from a depressurizing magma chamber

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL086230.

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Authors

Benjamin E. Grossman-Ponemon, Elias Rafn Heimisson , Adrian J. Lew, Paul Segall

Abstract

Dike propagation is an intrinsically multiphase problem, where deformation and fluid flow are intricately coupled in a fracture process. Here we perform the first fully-coupled simulations of dike propagation in two dimensions, accounting for depressurization of a circular magma chamber, dynamic fluid flow, fracture formation, and elastic deformation. Despite the complexity of the governing equations we observe that the lengthening is well explained by a simple model $a(t) = c_1 \log(1+t/c_2)$, where $a$ is the dike length, $t$ is time, and $c_1$ and $c_2$ are constants. We compare the model to seismic data from 8 dikes in Iceland and Ethiopia and, in spite of the assumption of plane strain, we find good agreement between the data and the model. In addition, we derive an approximate model for the depressurization of the chamber with the dike length. These models may help forecast the growth of lateral dikes and magma chamber depressurization.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/xekm6

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Geology, Geophysics and Seismology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Volcanology

Keywords

natural hazards, dike propagation, Eruption forecasting, FEM simulations, Hydraulic fractures, Magma chambers

Dates

Published: 2019-11-13 19:03

Last Updated: 2020-02-11 18:11

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License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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