Large-scale green grabbing for wind and solar PV development in Brazil

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. This is version 1 of this Preprint.

Add a Comment

You must log in to post a comment.


There are no comments or no comments have been made public for this article.


Download Preprint


Michael Klingler, Nadia Ameli, Jamie Rickman, Johannes Schmidt


Large-scale wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) infrastructures are expanding rapidly in Brazil. These projects can exacerbate struggles for land rooted in weak land governance, with negative impacts for traditional populations due to loss of access to common lands. Here, we trace how green grabbing, i.e. the large-scale appropriation and control of (undesignated) public lands, both formally legal and illicit, for low-carbon technologies, has developed in Brazil throughout 2000 to 2021. We find that global investors and owners, mainly from Europe, are involved in 78% of wind and 96% of solar PV parks, occupying 2,148 km2 and 102 km2 of land, respectively. We also show that land privatization is the prevalent land tenure regime for securing access to and control over land, indicating significant transformations of prior(undesignated) public land. We conclude that green grabbing is a persistent, critical phenomenon in Brazil, requiring transparency and close monitoring of land tenure modifications.



Geographic Information Sciences, Geography, Human Geography, Social and Behavioral Sciences


Green grabbing; large-scale land appropriation; wind power; solar PV; Brazil


Published: 2023-08-22 11:44

Last Updated: 2023-08-22 18:44


CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

Additional Metadata

Conflict of interest statement:

Data Availability (Reason not available):
Not available due to partial private copyrights