WEATHERING OF SERPENTINITE STONE DUE TO IN SITU GENERATION OF CALCIUM AND MAGNESIUM SULFATES

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.122402. This is version 1 of this Preprint.

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Authors

Rafael Navarro, Dolores Pereira, Elena Fernández de Arévalo, Eduardo Sebastián-Pardo, Carlos Rodríguez-Navarro

Abstract

This paper presents a thorough study of the main features and the decay causes and mechanisms of serpentinites both freshly quarried and after centuries exposure at the main façade of the sixteenth century Royal Chancery (Granada, Spain). In particular, the process of in situ formation of calcium and magnesium sulfates has been studied. Several decay factors are identified, all of them acting synergistically in the deterioration of slabs made of serpentinite. Among them, the presence of sulfides such as pyrite in the original serpentinite as a result of chemical weathering induces the formation of sulfate salts such as gypsum or epsomite is considered the main cause of decay. In addition, incorrect restoration treatments involving the use of Portland cement to fill up cracks and surface lacunae, the polluted environment of the surrounding area, and the location of the slabs close to the ground, favoring capillary rise of water, all contributed to their deterioration. This work helps to gain knowledge on the deterioration process of ornaments made of serpentinite, allowing us to propose the most appropriate measures to guarantee their conservation.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/X5C406

Subjects

Engineering

Keywords

serpentinite, sulfates, gypsum, epsomite, decay, dimension stone, heritage

Dates

Published: 2024-01-25 23:45

Last Updated: 2024-01-26 07:45

License

CC BY Attribution 4.0 International