Sedimentary structures discriminations with hyperspectral imaging on sediment cores

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: This is version 2 of this Preprint.

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Kévin Jacq , Rapuc William, Benoit Alexandre, Coquin Didier, Fanget Bernard, Yves Perrette, Pierre Sabatier, Wilhelm Bruno, Debret Maxime, Fabien Arnaud


Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is a non-destructive high-resolution sensor, which is currently under significant development to analyze geological areas with remote devices or natural samples in a laboratory. In both cases, the hyperspectral image provides several sedimentary structures that need to be separated to temporally and spatially describe the sample. Sediment sequences are composed of successive deposits (strata, homogenite, flood) that can be visible or not depending on sample properties. The classical methods to identify them are time-consuming, have a low spatial resolution (millimeter), and are generally based on a naked-eye counting. In this study, we propose to compare several supervised classification algorithms for the discrimination of sedimentological structures on lake sediments. Instantaneous events in lake sediments are generally linked to extreme geodynamical events (e.g., floods, earthquakes), their identification and counting are essential to understand long-term fluctuations and improve hazard assessments. This is done by reconstructing a chronicle of event layer occurrence, including estimation of deposit thicknesses. Here we applied two hyperspectral imaging sensors (Visible Near-Infrared VNIR, 60 μm, 400-1000 nm; Short Wave Infrared SWIR, 200 μm, 1000-2500 nm) on three sediment cores from different lake systems. We highlight that the SWIR sensor is the optimal one to create robust classification models with discriminant analyses. Indeed, the VNIR sensor is impacted by the surface reliefs and structures that are not in the learning set, which lead to miss-classification. These observations are also valid for the combined sensor (VNIR-SWIR). Several spatial and spectral pre-processing were also compared and allowed to highlight discriminant information specific to a sample and a sensor. These works show that the combined use of hyperspectral imaging and machine learning improves the characterization of sedimentary structures in laboratory conditions.



Analytical Chemistry, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Sciences, Multivariate Analysis, Optics, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Physics, Sedimentology, Statistical Models, Statistics and Probability


machine learning, Automatic Detection, Discrimination methods, Hyperspectral Imaging, Sedimentary Deposits, Visible and Near-Infrared Spectroscopy


Published: 2020-07-17 10:21

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