Filtering by Subject: Agriculture

The Nexus between Access to Agricultural Extension Services and Adoption of Sustainable Soil Conservation Practices in Limu Districts, Oromia, Ethiopia

Gemechu Mulatu Kerorsa

Published: 2023-09-07
Subjects: Agriculture

Provision of agricultural extension service is the primary mechanism that increases smallholder farmer’s adoption of sustainable soil conservation practices. This study was, therefore, attempted to examine the nexus between access to agricultural extension services and the adoption of sustainable soil conservation practices in western oromia in the case Limu districts. Data was collected from [...]

Global trade and the resilience of food supply to extreme weather exposure

Daniel Patrick Bebber, Carole Dalin, Emma Littleton, et al.

Published: 2023-08-31
Subjects: Agriculture, Physical and Environmental Geography, Sustainability

Climate change is increasing the risk of extreme weather events, potentially threatening crop yields and global food security. A key benefit of international free trade is risk sharing, because global aggregate production is more stable than that of individual countries which may be adversely affected by extremes. Here we test the hypothesis that diverse sourcing of crops from multiple trading [...]

Information Sharing: The Missing Ingredient in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy of Pakistan-Agriculture Perspective

Asmat Ali, Munir Ahmad, Mobushir Riaz Khan

Published: 2023-08-22
Subjects: Agriculture, Food Science, Geographic Information Sciences, Remote Sensing, Spatial Science

The purpose of this paper is to focus on the important role of information sharing in advancing innovation that is presently missing in National Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy of Pakistan approved in 2012. Information is a key resource for making innovations in science, technology and policies. Like other countries of the world, almost all government departments in Pakistan [...]

Social Vulnerability and Climate Risk Assessment for Agricultural Communities in The United States

Tugkan Tanir, Enes Yildirim, Celso M. Ferreira, et al.

Published: 2023-08-18
Subjects: Agriculture, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Geographic Information Sciences, Physical and Environmental Geography, Risk Analysis, Spatial Science

Floods and droughts significantly affect agricultural activities and pose a threat to food security by subsequently reducing agricultural production. The impact of flood events is distributed disproportionately among agricultural communities based on their socio-economic fabric. Understanding climate-related hazards is critical for planning mitigation measures to secure vulnerable communities. [...]

Experimental results, integrated model validation, and economic aspects of agrivoltaic systems at northern latitudes

Pietro Elia Campana, Bengt Stridh, Torsten Hörndahl, et al.

Published: 2023-07-31
Subjects: Agriculture, Other Mechanical Engineering

Agrivoltaic systems, which allow the coexistence of crop and electricity production on the same land, are considered an integrated water-energy-food nexus solution to allow the simultaneous attainment of conflicting Sustainable Development Goals. This study aims to analyse experimental results on ley grass yield and quality response to shadings in the first agrivoltaic system in Sweden and [...]

Sustainable irrigation reduces arsenic bioavailability in fluvio-alluvial soils promoting microbial responses, high rice productivity and economic profit

Arnab Majumdar, Munish Kumar Upadhyay, Biswajit Giri, et al.

Published: 2023-07-26
Subjects: Agricultural Science, Agriculture, Agronomy and Crop Sciences Life Sciences, Biodiversity, Environmental Studies, Microbiology

Minimizing arsenic (74.92As33) loading into rice plants, we suggest adopting alternating wetting and drying (AWD) irrigation as a sustainable water management strategy allowing greater silicon (28.08Si14) availability. This two-year field-based project is the first report on AWD's impact on As-Si distribution in fluvio-alluvial soils of the entire Ganga valley (24 study sites divided into six [...]

Regenerative Agriculture the Veganic Way: A Seven-year Research Study in Increasing Soil Organic Matter (SOM) and Crop Yields

Jimmy Videle, Mona Seymour, Nicholas Carter

Published: 2023-07-15
Subjects: Agriculture

Agriculture is a major contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and biodiversity loss, mostly through deforestation for the cultivation of animal feeds; enteric fermentation from ruminants like cattle, fertilizers and manure; and soil degradation from intensive farming practices. There is currently a push to transform our farming systems to attempt to alleviate the almost-assured [...]

A deep learning approach for deriving winter wheat phenology from optical and SAR time series at field level

Felix Lobert, Johannes Löw, Marcel Schwieder, et al.

Published: 2023-07-13
Subjects: Agricultural Science, Agriculture, Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Environmental Monitoring

Information on crop phenology is essential when aiming to better understand the impacts of climate and climate change, management practices, and environmental conditions on agricultural production. Today’s novel optical and radar satellite data with increasing spatial and temporal resolution provide great opportunities to provide such information. However, so far, we largely lack methods that [...]

Information trust and groundwater management: Evaluating the role of formal versus informal information sources in adoption of groundwater conservation practices among California farmers

Zachary Goldstein, Meredith Niles

Published: 2023-06-21
Subjects: Agriculture

The future of farming in many water-stressed regions will depend in large part upon sustainable management of groundwater. Understanding the drivers associated with uptake of groundwater conservation practices in agriculture is thus critical for policy, programmatic, and technical support development. While a rich body of research has explored farmers’ conservation practice adoption, [...]

Does Productive Safety Net Program Enhance Livelihoods? Insights from Vulnerable Households in Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia


Published: 2023-06-16
Subjects: Agriculture

The impact of Productive Safety Net Programs (PSNPs) on food security, poverty, and livelihoods has been examined in several studies. While some studies found positive impacts on food security and agricultural productivity, there are still gaps in understanding the long-term effects of these programs on poverty reduction and food security. This study aims to investigate the impact of PSNP on the [...]

A paradigm shift towards decentralized cloud-integrated spatial data infrastructures: Lessons learned and solutions provided for public authorities

Florian Beyer, Patric Brandt, Michael Schmidt, et al.

Published: 2023-06-08
Subjects: Agriculture, Computer and Systems Architecture, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing, Sustainability

Digital transformation is a key to turn public authorities into organisations that make decisions based on data-driven insights. The use of big geodata can enable public authorities to tackle complex sustainability issues. However, the efficient management of large amounts of geodata through implementing viable data infrastructures represents a major challenge for public authorities. In this [...]

A Climate Counternarrative: Dubious Carbon Accounting is Making a Canopy Problem Look Like an Energy Problem (for Consent and Profit)

Denis de Bernardy

Published: 2023-05-12
Subjects: Agriculture, Climate, Forest Sciences, Soil Science

The modern rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide is man-made but driven by land stewardship changes rather than industrial activities like fossil fuels. Carbon cycle research fails to adequately convey surface-level interactions like plants soaking up carbon dioxide emitted near them. Clear-cutting a forest, for instance, produces a large plume of biogenic carbon dioxide that wind can carry away, [...]

Ammonia emissions from a dairy housing and a wastewater treatment plant quantified with an inverse dispersion method accounting for deposition loss

Alex Valach

Published: 2023-04-17
Subjects: Agriculture, Atmospheric Sciences, Environmental Engineering

Ammonia (NH3) emissions negatively impact air, soil, and water quality, and thus human health and biodiversity. A large share of emissions, including the largest sources, originate from single or multiple source structures, such as livestock facilities, but also wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The inverse dispersion method (IDM) has proven to be effective in measuring total emissions from [...]

Revisiting the Climate Narrative

Denis de Bernardy

Published: 2023-04-06
Subjects: Agriculture, Climate, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Studies, Food Science, Forest Management, Hydrology, Natural Resources and Conservation, Natural Resources Management and Policy, Oil, Gas, and Energy, Other Environmental Sciences, Soil Science, Sustainability, Water Resource Management

The rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide is chiefly tied to land stewardship. Farmers and loggers have removed the plants that, until the industrial era, kept the soil fungi alive, kept soil emissions nearby by breaking the wind, and soaked those up. The result is plumes of carbon dioxide. Putting plants back in would curb these emissions. Farmers and loggers could address biodiversity loss [...]

Mitigating risk of exceeding environmental limits requires ambitious food system interventions

Michalis Hadjikakou, Nicholas Bowles, Ozge Geyik, et al.

Published: 2023-04-06
Subjects: Agriculture, Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Natural Resources and Conservation, Natural Resources Management and Policy, Sustainability

Transforming the global food system is necessary to avoid exceeding planetary boundaries. A robust evidence base is crucial to assess the scale and combination of interventions required for a sustainable transformation. We developed a risk assessment framework, underpinned by a meta-regression of 60 global food system modeling studies, to quantify the potential of individual and combined [...]


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