Filtering by Subject: Environmental Studies

Stay or go? Geographic variation in risks due to climate change for fishing fleets that adapt in-place or adapt on-the-move

Jameal F Samhouri, Blake E. Feist, Michael Jacox, et al.

Published: 2023-08-17
Subjects: Environmental Studies

From fishers to farmers, people across the planet who rely directly upon natural resources for their livelihoods and well-being face extensive impacts from climate change. However, local- and regional-scale impacts and associated risks can vary geographically, and the implications for development of adaptation pathways that will be most effective for specific communities are underexplored. To [...]

Gender relations and decision-making on climate change adaptation in rural East African households: A qualitative systematic review

Johanne Niemann, Miriam El-Mahdi, Helle Samuelsen, et al.

Published: 2023-08-10
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Background: Climatic changes are threatening rural livelihoods in East Africa. Evidence suggests that climate change adaptation in this context might reproduce inequitable intra-household gender relations and that adaptation may be more effective when women are involved in meaningful ways. Hence, a nuanced understanding of the gendered nature of intra-household adaptation decision-making is [...]

Urban demand for cooking fuels in two major African cities and implications for policy

Ipsita Das, Leonard le Roux, Richard Mulwa, et al.

Published: 2023-08-05
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Nearly 2.4 billion people lack access to clean cooking fuels and technologies worldwide, representing a critical failure to achieve SDG7’s cooking energy access goal. Dependence on polluting cooking fuels is particularly high in Sub-Saharan Africa, where it generates considerable environmental, health, and time-related costs. In the region, progress has been greatest in urban areas, but [...]

A Web-based Decision Support Framework for Optimizing Road Network Accessibility and Emergency Facility Allocation During Flooding

Yazeed Alabbad, Jerry Mount, Ann Campbell, et al.

Published: 2023-08-03
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Engineering, Environmental Studies, Geographic Information Sciences, Geography, Risk Analysis

Transportation systems can be significantly affected by flooding, leading to physical damage and subsequent adverse impacts such as increased travel distance to essential services. Even though flooding is a frequently recurring phenomenon that can affect thousands of people per event, there are limited accessible online tools available for analyzing and visualizing flood risk for supporting [...]

Sustainable irrigation reduces arsenic bioavailability in fluvio-alluvial soils promoting microbial responses, high rice productivity and economic profit

Arnab Majumdar, Munish Kumar Upadhyay, Biswajit Giri, et al.

Published: 2023-07-26
Subjects: Agricultural Science, Agriculture, Agronomy and Crop Sciences Life Sciences, Biodiversity, Environmental Studies, Microbiology

Minimizing arsenic (74.92As33) loading into rice plants, we suggest adopting alternating wetting and drying (AWD) irrigation as a sustainable water management strategy allowing greater silicon (28.08Si14) availability. This two-year field-based project is the first report on AWD's impact on As-Si distribution in fluvio-alluvial soils of the entire Ganga valley (24 study sites divided into six [...]

Adaptation to climate damages is not inevitable

Christopher Callahan

Published: 2023-07-21
Subjects: Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Understanding how climate change will affect human welfare must account for how humans will adapt to the changing environment. Adaptations are often local, unobserved, or will only emerge in the future, posing a challenge for attempts to empirically derive climate damage functions and leading to claims that such empirically based functions overestimate the future economic costs of warming. By [...]

A preliminary assessment of urban water security in Ulaanbaatar, a semi-arid region in Mongolia.

Elena Gordillo Fuertes

Published: 2023-07-19
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Water security is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century. Understanding context-specific challenges and opportunities around this issue is key to improving water systems globally. This paper explores the current state of urban water security in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia’s capital city. Ulaanbaatar is home to more than 40% of the country’s population and 60% of its national GDP. The city is [...]

Impacts of Climate Change on Various Sectors in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan; A Review

Muhammad Aamir Munir, Kamran Munir

Published: 2023-06-24
Subjects: Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Environmental Studies

Introduction: Day to day atmospheric conditions of an area is referred to as weather, whereas, the statistical expression of weather events in an area over a period of minimum 30 years is called climate. Due to the global warming, weather across the globe has started changing from time to time. As a result, the climate change in different areas have taken rise. Pakistan is amongst the top ten [...]

From Awareness to Action: Unleashing the Transformative Potential of Climate Change Education in St. Michael’s College

Edgar Rendon Eslit, George Michael

Published: 2023-06-24
Subjects: Environmental Studies

The aim of this study is to explore how climate change education is delivered and received in higher education at SMC.  As a qualitative study, the study was conducted in the first semester of 2022-2023 and involved 30 students and teachers who participated in semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. The data analysis revealed the themes that emerged from the students’ complex [...]

Towards Understanding the Spatial Literacy of ChatGPT -- Taking a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Exam

Peter Mooney, Wencong Cui, Boyuan Guan, et al.

Published: 2023-06-20
Subjects: Earth Sciences, Education, Environmental Studies, Geographic Information Sciences, Geography, Higher Education, Other Geography, Science and Mathematics Education, Spatial Science

This paper examines the performance of ChatGPT, a large language model (LLM), in a geographic information systems (GIS) exam. As LLMs like ChatGPT become increasingly prevalent in various domains, including education, it is important to understand their capabilities and limitations in specialized subject areas such as GIS. Human learning of spatial concepts significantly differs from LLM training [...]

Local social-ecological context explains seasonal rural-rural migration of the poorest in a rural community in southwestern Bangladesh.

Lucie Clech, Juan Pablo Sierra, Muhammad Abdul Mannan, et al.

Published: 2023-06-02
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Bangladesh is one of the countries most affected by climate change. Internal migration is often presented as a response to environmental degradation in rural areas. Here, we hypothesise that climate-induced changes and adaptations impact local production and the local labour market, seasonally pushing out unskilled landless workers. We focus on different categories of livelihoods and their [...]

Listening to Manchester: Using citizen science Raspberry Shake seismometers to quantify road traffic

David Healy

Published: 2023-05-31
Subjects: Civil and Environmental Engineering, Earth Sciences, Environmental Public Health, Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Human Geography

Road traffic is a major contributor to greenhouse gases in our cities. This study has been designed to test whether low-cost citizen science seismometers (Raspberry Shakes) can be used to quantify temporal and spatial variations in road traffic. I used a network of seismometers installed around Greater Manchester to record signals in the frequency range 1-50 Hz. Data were processed using the open [...]

The Future in Anthropocene Science

Patrick W Keys, Rekha Warrier, Lynn Badia

Published: 2023-05-23
Subjects: Climate, Environmental Studies, Nature and Society Relations, Sustainability

The Anthropocene is the present time of human-caused accelerating global change, and new forms of Anthropocene risk are emerging that society has hitherto never experienced. Science and policy are grappling with the temporal and spatial magnitude of these changes, as well as the diminishing margin between science and policy itself. However, there is a gap in the transparency — and perhaps even in [...]

Ecological Flows in Southern Europe: status and trends in non-perennial rivers

Marianna Leone, Francesco Gentile, Antonio Lo Porto, et al.

Published: 2023-05-16
Subjects: Biodiversity, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Studies, Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Sustainability, Water Resource Management

The concept of environmental flows (E-Flows) describes the streamflow that is necessary to maintain river ecosystems. Although a large number of methods have been developed, a delay was recorded in implementing E–Flows in non-perennial rivers. The general aim of the paper was to analyse the criticalities and the current state of implementation of the E-Flows in non-perennial rivers of southern [...]

Lived Experience of Climate Change and The Impact on Health and Health Inequalities: A systematic review of qualitative studies from the UK

Steven Dodd, Jessica Davies, Scott Butterfield, et al.

Published: 2023-05-13
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Climate change is one of the biggest threats to public health in the 21st century. To date little action has been undertaken globally to mitigate the risks of climate change. The aim of this systematic review is to synthesise the qualitative literature on people’s and the health care systems’ lived experiences of climate change with a focus on health and health inequalities. We employed a [...]


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