Filtering by Subject: Environmental Studies

Nature based Solutions for flood risks: what insights do the social representations of experts provide?

Pénélope Brueder, Alexandra Schleyer-Lindenmann, Corinne Curt, et al.

Published: 2023-03-16
Subjects: Environmental Studies

In the context of intensification of flood risks, NbS propose an interesting approach to conciliate population’s protection and biodiversity. While this recently emerging concept has been the subject of numerous studies, there is still little work on this issue in social sciences. However, it is essential to understand the social representations of NbS in order to help authorities to [...]

Examining knowledge and epistemic justice in the design of nature-based solutions for water management

Johan Arango-Quiroga, Alaina Kinol, Laura Kuhl

Published: 2023-03-15
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Over the last decade, Nature-based Solutions (NbS) for water management have gained traction as triple-win options for climate action due to their ability to address social, economic, and environmental challenges. Recent developments in the literature of NbS have resulted in a body of work addressing questions about knowledge and justice. In line with these developments, this paper proposes the [...]

Levers for transformative nature-based adaptation initiatives in the Alps

Titouan Dubo, Ignacio Palomo, Aude Zingraff-Hamed, et al.

Published: 2023-03-15
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Transformative adaptation is essential to face the unprecedented biodiversity and climate change crises. Nature-based Solutions (NbS) could accelerate the transformation of social-ecological systems to address climate change and biodiversity and Nature’s Contribution to People (NCP) loss. However, they are not widely implemented. Understanding the drivers of decision-making context that [...]

Aquifer depletion exacerbates agricultural drought losses in the US High Plains

Taro Mieno, Timothy Foster, Shunkei Kakimoto, et al.

Published: 2023-03-10
Subjects: Environmental Studies, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Aquifer depletion poses a major threat to the ability of farmers, food supply chains, and rural economies globally to use groundwater as a means of adapting to climate variability and change. Empirical research has demonstrated the large differences in drought risk exposure that exist between rainfed and irrigated croplands, but previous work commonly assumes water supply for the latter is [...]

The Digital Environmental Footprint - a holistic framework of Digital Sustainability

Gereon Mewes

Published: 2023-03-03
Subjects: Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment, Environmental Studies, Sustainability

This paper examines the different ways in which the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) sector negatively affects the environment. To capture environmental externalities beyond the common but limited carbon footprint, a novel holistic framework of digital sustainability was created - the Digital Environmental Footprint (DEF). To apply and test the DEF, the ICT sector was evaluated [...]

The Earth4All model of human wellbeing on a finite planet towards 2100

Jorgen Randers, David Collste

Published: 2023-03-03
Subjects: Environmental Studies, Geography

In the following pages, we give a short introduction to a new integrated global assessment model: The Earth4All model of human wellbeing on a finite planet towards the year 2100. The Earth4All (E4A) model has evolved over a fifteen-year period and represents a summary of insights we have gained during all these years (See Appendix 1 for a list of the main publications that form the foundation for [...]

Did hydroclimate conditions contribute to the political dynamics of Majapahit? A preliminary analysis

Sandy Hardian Susanto Herho, Katarina Evelyn Permata Herho, Raden Dwi Susanto

Published: 2023-02-21
Subjects: Atmospheric Sciences, Climate, Earth Sciences, Environmental Studies, Geography, Human Geography, Nature and Society Relations, Physical and Environmental Geography, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Majapahit was the largest Hindu-Buddhist empire that ruled the Indonesian archipelago from the late 13th to mid-16th centuries CE. Until recently, there is still a lot of history surrounding the Majapahit era that has yet to be revealed. One is about how environmental factors influenced the political dynamics at that time. This study tries to discuss the influence of hydroclimate regimes using [...]

Towards robust interdisciplinary modeling of global human-environmental dynamics

Carsten Meyer

Published: 2023-02-20
Subjects: Agriculture, Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Environmental Studies, Forest Sciences, Geography, Life Sciences, Nature and Society Relations

Real-world environmental problems are typically vast, urgent, and complex. Confronted with such problems, we are often tempted to act fast by pulling together little bits and pieces from different fields and simply adding these to pre-existing models and frameworks. Seldom, though, do we pause long enough to look whether and for how long those larger structures we build can support reliable [...]

Discounting the future: The effect of collective motivation on investment decisions and acceptance of policies for renewable energy

Fabian Marder, Torsten Masson, Julian Sagebiel, et al.

Published: 2023-02-10
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Previous research has mainly considered economic factors and personal psychological factors (e.g., personal pro-environmental attitudes) as determinants of investment behavior for renewable energies. However, less is known about how social identities, i.e. the human capacity to think and act as a member of a social group, can shape green investment behavior. Combining insights from economics and [...]

Climate and health benefits of a transition from gas to electric cooking

Carlos F. Gould, M. Lorena Bejarano, Brandon de la Cuesta, et al.

Published: 2023-01-26
Subjects: Environmental Public Health, Environmental Studies

Household electrification is thought to be an important part of a carbon neutral future, and could also have additional benefits to adopting households such as improved air quality. However, the effectiveness of specific electrification policies in reducing total emissions and boosting household livelihoods remains a crucial open question in both developed and developing countries. We [...]

Who are the hyper prolific authors in environmental sciences?

Akira Abduh

Published: 2023-01-01
Subjects: Environmental Studies, Library and Information Science, Research Methods in Life Sciences, Social and Behavioral Sciences

Hyper prolific scientists are individuals who produce an exceptionally large number of scientific papers, often at a rate that is much higher than their peers. While productivity is generally a positive attribute in the scientific community, hyper prolific scientists may raise concerns about the quality and impact of their research. It is important to carefully evaluate the work of hyper prolific [...]

Wildfire influence on recent US pollution trends

Marshall Burke, Marissa Childs, Brandon de la Cuesta, et al.

Published: 2022-12-16
Subjects: Environmental Health and Protection, Environmental Monitoring, Environmental Public Health, Environmental Studies

Steady improvements in ambient air quality in the US over the past several decades have led to large public health benefits. However, recent trends in PM2.5 concentrations, a key pollutant, have stagnated or begun to reverse throughout much of the US. We quantify the contribution of wildfire smoke to these trends and find that since 2016, wildfire smoke has significantly slowed or reversed [...]

Knowledge co-production for decision-making in human-natural systems under uncertainty

Enayat A. Moallemi, Fateme Zare, Aniek Hebinck, et al.

Published: 2022-12-14
Subjects: Environmental Studies

Decision-making under uncertainty is important for managing human-natural systems in a changing world. A major source of uncertainty that challenges decisions is rooted in their multi-actor settings, i.e., the poorly understood societal actors with diverse values, complex relationships, and conflicting management approaches. Despite general agreement across disciplines on co-producing knowledge [...]

Systemic Vulnerabilities Created an Informal Warning System for U.S. Hispanic and Latinx Immigrants in the 2021 Quad-State Tornado Outbreak

Joseph E. Trujillo-Falcón, América Gaviria Pabón, Justin Reedy, et al.

Published: 2022-12-09
Subjects: Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, Social and Behavioral Sciences

On December 10-11, 2021, a tornado outbreak in Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri, and Tennessee became the deadliest December tornado event in U.S. history. Due to a lack of multilingual programming in these areas, post-disaster coverage omitted the perspectives of many vulnerable groups that were impacted by these tornadoes. A week-long field study was conducted in Arkansas and Kentucky to understand [...]

The Importance of Internal Climate Variability in Climate Impact Projections

Kevin Schwarzwald, Nathan Lenssen

Published: 2022-10-27
Subjects: Environmental Sciences, Environmental Studies

Uncertainty in climate projections is driven by three components: scenario uncertainty, inter-model uncertainty, and internal variability. Although socioeconomic climate impact studies increasingly take into account the first two components, little attention has been paid to the role of internal variability, though underestimating this uncertainty may lead to underestimating the socioeconomic [...]


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