Volcanic ash generation mechanisms: Fingerprints in phase distribution highlighted by QEMSCAN particle mineralogical analysis

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36857-4.

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Authors

Adrian Hornby , Yan Lavallée, Jackie Kendrick, Gavyn Rollinson, Alan Butcher, Steve Clesham, Ulrich Kueppers, Corrado Cimarelli, Gustavo Chigna

Abstract

Volcanic ash particle properties depend upon their genetic fragmentation processes. Here, we introduce QEMSCAN particle mineralogical analysis (PMA) to quantify the phase distribution in two ash samples collected during activity at Santiaguito, Guatemala and assess the fingerprint of fragmentation mechanisms. Volcanic ash from a Vulcanian explosion and from a pyroclastic density current resulting from a dome collapse event were selected. The ash particles resulting from both fragmentation modes are dense and blocky, typical of open-vent dome volcanoes and have a componentry consistent with their andesitic composition. We use image analysis to compare the fraction of plagioclase and glass at particle boundaries compared to the total particle fraction. Our results show that the explosion-derived ash has an even distribution of plagioclase and glass, but boundaries enriched in pyroxene and amphibole. In contrast, the ash generated during dome collapse has an increased fraction of glass and decreased fraction of plagioclase at particle boundaries, suggesting that fractures preferentially propagate through glass during abrasion and milling in pyroclastic flows. This study presents analysis of QEMSCAN PMA data as a new technique to identify generation mechanisms of volcanic ash, which is pertinent to volcanology, aviation, respiratory health and environmental hazards, and highlights the need for further experimental constraints on the fragmentation mechanism fingerprint.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/xmv9b

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Volcanology

Keywords

particles, fragmentation, Santiaguito, Ash, Explosion, Particle surface, PDC, QEMSCAN, Volcanic Ash

Dates

Published: 2018-05-03 12:58

Last Updated: 2018-05-03 13:12

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License

Academic Free License (AFL) 3.0

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