Rapid finite-frequency microseismic noise source inversion at regional to global scales

This is a Preprint and has not been peer reviewed. The published version of this Preprint is available: https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggab210. This is version 2 of this Preprint.

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Authors

Jonas Karl Hans Igel, Laura A Ermert, Andreas Fichtner

Abstract

Ambient noise cross-correlations can be used as self-consistent observables, opening novel possibilities for investigating ambient noise sources. To optimise the forward- modelling of global ambient cross-correlations for any given noise distribution of noise sources in the microseismic frequency range up to 0.2 Hz, we implement (i) pre-computed wavefields and (ii) spatially variable grids. This enables rapid inversions for microseismic noise sources based on finite-frequency source sensitivity kernels.
We use this advancement to perform regional and global gradient-based iterative inver- sions of the logarithmic energy ratio in the causal and acausal branches of micro-seismic noise cross-correlations. Synthetic inversions show promising results, with good recovery of the main dominant noise sources of the target model. Data inversions for several con- secutive days at the beginning of October 2019 demonstrate the capability of inverting for the spatio-temporal variations of the sources of secondary microseisms in the ocean. This paves the way for daily ambient noise source inversions which could help improve full-waveform ambient noise tomography and subsurface monitoring methods.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.31223/osf.io/9snjm

Subjects

Earth Sciences, Geophysics and Seismology, Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Keywords

computational seismology, numerical modelling, seismic noise, waveform inversion

Dates

Published: 2020-08-16 14:42

Last Updated: 2021-05-21 04:16

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License

GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) 2.1

Additional Metadata

Data Availability (Reason not available):
The code and data are available from the authors upon request.

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