VESIcal Part II: A critical approach to volatile solubility modelling using an open-source Python3 engine

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Penny E Wieser , Kayla Iacovino, Simon Matthews , Gordon Moore, Chelsea Allison 


Accurate models of H2O and CO2 solubility in silicate melts are vital for understanding volcanic plumbing systems. These models are used to estimate the depths of magma storage regions from melt inclusion volatile contents, investigate the role of volatile exsolution as a driver of volcanic eruptions, and track the degassing paths followed by magma ascending to the surface. However, despite the large increase in the number of experimental constraints over the last two decades, many recent studies still utilize the earlier generation of models, which were calibrated on experimental datasets with restricted compositional ranges. This may be because many of the available tools for more recent models require large numbers of input parameters to be hand-typed (e.g., temperature, concentrations of H2O, CO2, and 8--14 oxides), making them difficult to implement on large datasets. Here, we use a new open-source Python3 tool, VESIcal, to critically evaluate the behaviours and sensitivities of different solubility models for a range of melt compositions. Using literature datasets of andesitic-dacitic experimental products and melt inclusions as case studies, we illustrate the importance of evaluating the calibration dataset of each model. Finally, we highlight the limitations of particular data presentation methods such as isobar diagrams, and provide suggestions for alternatives, and best practices regarding the presentation and archiving of data. This review will aid the selection of the most applicable solubility model for different melt compositions, and identifies areas where additional experimental constraints are required



Earth Sciences, Geology, Volcanology


Python3, Solubility models


Published: 2021-07-25 16:10

Last Updated: 2022-02-14 13:42

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CC BY Attribution 4.0 International

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